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Title: Magnetohydrostatic equilibrium. II. Three-dimensional multiple open magnetic flux tubes in the stratified solar atmosphere

A system of multiple open magnetic flux tubes spanning the solar photosphere and lower corona is modeled analytically, within a realistic stratified atmosphere subject to solar gravity. This extends results for a single magnetic flux tube in magnetohydrostatic equilibrium, described in Gent et al. Self-similar magnetic flux tubes are combined to form magnetic structures, which are consistent with high-resolution observations. The observational evidence supports the existence of strands of open flux tubes and loops persisting in a relatively steady state. Self-similar magnetic flux tubes, for which an analytic solution to the plasma density and pressure distribution is possible, are combined. We calculate the appropriate balancing forces, applying to the equations of momentum and energy conservation to preserve equilibrium. Multiplex flux tube configurations are observed to remain relatively stable for up to a day or more, and it is our aim to apply our model as the background condition for numerical studies of energy transport mechanisms from the solar surface to the corona. We apply magnetic field strength, plasma density, pressure, and temperature distributions consistent with observational and theoretical estimates for the lower solar atmosphere. Although each flux tube is identical in construction apart from the location of the radial axis,more » combinations can be applied to generate a non-axisymmetric magnetic field with multiple non-uniform flux tubes. This is a considerable step forward in modeling the realistic magnetized three-dimensional equilibria of the solar atmosphere.« less
Authors:
;  [1] ;  [2]
  1. SP"2RC, School of Mathematics and Statistics, University of Sheffield, S3 7RH (United Kingdom)
  2. Space Systems Laboratory, Department of Automatic Control and Systems Engineering, University of Sheffield, S1 3JD (United Kingdom)
Publication Date:
OSTI Identifier:
22356500
Resource Type:
Journal Article
Resource Relation:
Journal Name: Astrophysical Journal; Journal Volume: 789; Journal Issue: 1; Other Information: Country of input: International Atomic Energy Agency (IAEA)
Country of Publication:
United States
Language:
English
Subject:
79 ASTROPHYSICS, COSMOLOGY AND ASTRONOMY; ANALYTICAL SOLUTION; AXIAL SYMMETRY; CHROMOSPHERE; CONFIGURATION; DISTRIBUTION; ENERGY CONSERVATION; GRAVITATION; INSTABILITY; MAGNETIC FIELDS; MAGNETIC FLUX; MAGNETOHYDRODYNAMICS; NUMERICAL ANALYSIS; PHOTOSPHERE; PLASMA DENSITY; POWER TRANSMISSION; RESOLUTION; SIMULATION; STEADY-STATE CONDITIONS; SUN; TEMPERATURE DISTRIBUTION