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Title: Temperature evolution of a magnetic flux rope in a failed solar eruption

In this paper, we report for the first time the detailed temperature evolution process of the magnetic flux rope in a failed solar eruption. Occurring on 2013 January 05, the flux rope was impulsively accelerated to a speed of ∼400 km s{sup –1} in the first minute, then decelerated and came to a complete stop in two minutes. The failed eruption resulted in a large-size high-lying (∼100 Mm above the surface), high-temperature 'fire ball' sitting in the corona for more than two hours. The time evolution of the thermal structure of the flux rope was revealed through the differential emission measure analysis technique, which produced temperature maps using observations of the Atmospheric Imaging Assembly on board the Solar Dynamic Observatory. The average temperature of the flux rope steadily increased from ∼5 MK to ∼10 MK during the first nine minutes of the evolution, which was much longer than the rise time (about three minutes) of the associated soft X-ray flare. We suggest that the flux rope is heated by the energy release of the continuing magnetic reconnection, different from the heating of the low-lying flare loops, which is mainly produced by the chromospheric plasma evaporation. The loop arcade overlying themore » flux rope was pushed up by ∼10 Mm during the attempted eruption. The pattern of the velocity variation of the loop arcade strongly suggests that the failure of the eruption was caused by the strapping effect of the overlying loop arcade.« less
Authors:
; ;  [1] ;  [2] ;  [3] ; ;  [4]
  1. Shandong Provincial Key Laboratory of Optical Astronomy and Solar-Terrestrial Environment and Institute of Space Sciences, Shandong University, Weihai, Shandong 264209 (China)
  2. School of Physics, Astronomy and Computational Sciences, George Mason University, Fairfax, Virginia 22030 (United States)
  3. School of Astronomy and Space Science, Nanjing University, Nanjing, Jiangsu 210093 (China)
  4. CAS Key Laboratory of Geospace Environment, Department of Geophysics and Planetary Sciences, University of Science and Technology of China, Hefei, Anhui 230026 (China)
Publication Date:
OSTI Identifier:
22351489
Resource Type:
Journal Article
Resource Relation:
Journal Name: Astrophysical Journal; Journal Volume: 784; Journal Issue: 1; Other Information: Country of input: International Atomic Energy Agency (IAEA)
Country of Publication:
United States
Language:
English
Subject:
79 ASTROPHYSICS, COSMOLOGY AND ASTRONOMY; EMISSION; ERUPTION; EVAPORATION; EVOLUTION; MAGNETIC FLUX; MAGNETIC RECONNECTION; MAPS; MASS; PLASMA; PULSE RISE TIME; SOFT X RADIATION; SUN; VELOCITY