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Title: Impact of magnetic fields on ram pressure stripping in disk galaxies

Ram pressure stripping can remove significant amounts of gas from galaxies in clusters and massive groups and thus has a large impact on the evolution of cluster galaxies. Recent observations have shown that key properties of ram-pressure-stripped tails of galaxies, such as their width and structure, are in conflict with predictions by simulations. To increase the realism of existing simulations, we simulated for the first time a disk galaxy exposed to a uniformly magnetized wind including radiative cooling and self-gravity of the gas. We find that magnetic fields have a strong effect on the morphology of the gas in the tail of the galaxy. While in the purely hydrodynamical case the tail is very clumpy, the magnetohydrodynamical case shows very filamentary structures in the tail. The filaments can be strongly supported by magnetic pressure and, wherever this is the case, the magnetic fields vectors tend to be aligned with the filaments. The ram pressure stripping process may lead to the formation of magnetized density tails that appear as bifurcated in the plane of the sky and resemble the double tails observed in ESO 137-001 and ESO 137-002. Such tails can be formed under a variety of situations, both for themore » disks oriented face-on with respect to the intracluster medium (ICM) wind and for the tilted ones. While this bifurcation is the consequence of the generic tendency for the magnetic fields to produce very filamentary tail morphology, the tail properties are further shaped by the combination of the magnetic field orientation and the sliding of the field past the disk surface exposed to the wind. Despite the fact that the effect of the magnetic field on the morphology of the tail is strong, magnetic draping does not strongly change the rate of gas stripping. For a face-on galaxy, the field tends to reduce the amount of gas stripping compared to the pure hydrodynamical case, and is associated with the formation of a stable magnetic draping layer on the side of the galaxy exposed to the incoming ICM wind. For significantly tilted disks, the situation may be reversed and the stripping rate may be enhanced by the 'scraping' of the disk surface by the magnetic fields sliding past the ISM/ICM interface. Instabilities, such as gravitational instabilities, undo the protective effect of this layer and allow the gas to leak out of the galaxy.« less
Authors:
 [1] ;  [2] ;  [3] ;  [4]
  1. Department of Astronomy, University of Michigan, 500 Church Street, Ann Arbor, MI 48109 (United States)
  2. Hamburger Sternwarte, Gojenbergsweg 112, D-21029 Hamburg (Germany)
  3. The Flash Center for Computational Science, The University of Chicago, 5747 South Ellis, Chicago, IL 60637 (United States)
  4. Department of Physics, University of Oxford, Denys Wilkinson Building, Keble Road, Oxford OX1 3RH (United Kingdom)
Publication Date:
OSTI Identifier:
22351455
Resource Type:
Journal Article
Resource Relation:
Journal Name: Astrophysical Journal; Journal Volume: 784; Journal Issue: 1; Other Information: Country of input: International Atomic Energy Agency (IAEA)
Country of Publication:
United States
Language:
English
Subject:
79 ASTROPHYSICS, COSMOLOGY AND ASTRONOMY; BIFURCATION; COMPARATIVE EVALUATIONS; DENSITY; EVOLUTION; FILAMENTS; FORECASTING; GALAXIES; GALAXY CLUSTERS; GRAVITATION; GRAVITATIONAL INSTABILITY; INTERFACES; LAYERS; MAGNETIC FIELDS; RADIATIVE COOLING; SIMULATION; STRIPPING; SURFACES