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Title: Statistical equilibrium of copper in the solar atmosphere

Non-local thermodynamic equilibrium (NLTE) line formation for neutral copper in the one-dimensional solar atmospheres is presented for the atomic model, including 96 terms of Cu I and the ground state of Cu II. The accurate oscillator strengths for all the line transitions in model atom and photoionization cross sections were calculated using the R-matrix method in the Russell-Saunders coupling scheme. The main NLTE mechanism for Cu I is the ultraviolet overionization. We find that NLTE leads to systematically depleted total absorption in the Cu I lines and, accordingly, positive abundance corrections. Inelastic collisions with neutral hydrogen atoms produce minor effects on the statistical equilibrium of Cu I in the solar atmosphere. For the solar Cu I lines, the departures from LTE are found to be small, the mean NLTE abundance correction of ∼0.01 dex. It was found that the six low-excitation lines, with excitation energy of the lower level E {sub exc} ≤ 1.64 eV, give a 0.14 dex lower mean solar abundance compared to that from the six E {sub exc} > 3.7 eV lines, when applying experimental gf-values of Kock and Richter. Without the two strong resonance transitions, the solar mean NLTE abundance from 10 lines of Cumore » I is log ε{sub ☉}(Cu) = 4.19 ± 0.10, which is consistent within the error bars with the meteoritic value 4.25 ± 0.05 of Lodders et al. The discrepancy between E {sub exc} = 1.39-1.64 eV and E {sub exc} > 3.7 eV lines can be removed when the calculated gf-values are adopted and a mean solar abundance of log ε{sub ☉}(Cu) = 4.24 ± 0.08 is derived.« less
Authors:
; ;  [1] ;  [2] ;  [3]
  1. Key Laboratory of Optical Astronomy, National Astronomical Observatories, Chinese Academy of Sciences, Beijing 100012 (China)
  2. Universitäts-Sternwarte München, Scheinerstrasse 1, D-81679 München (Germany)
  3. Department of Physics, College of Science, National University of Defense Technology, Changsha, Hunan 410073 (China)
Publication Date:
OSTI Identifier:
22351433
Resource Type:
Journal Article
Resource Relation:
Journal Name: Astrophysical Journal; Journal Volume: 782; Journal Issue: 2; Other Information: Country of input: International Atomic Energy Agency (IAEA)
Country of Publication:
United States
Language:
English
Subject:
79 ASTROPHYSICS, COSMOLOGY AND ASTRONOMY; ABSORPTION; ABUNDANCE; ATOMS; COLLISIONS; COPPER; CORRECTIONS; CROSS SECTIONS; EV RANGE; EXCITATION; GROUND STATES; HYDROGEN; L-S COUPLING; LTE; OSCILLATOR STRENGTHS; PHOTOIONIZATION; R MATRIX; SOLAR ATMOSPHERE; SUN; ULTRAVIOLET RADIATION