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Title: A molecular line scan in the Hubble deep field north

We present a molecular line scan in the Hubble Deep Field North (HDF-N) that covers the entire 3 mm window (79-115 GHz) using the IRAM Plateau de Bure Interferometer. Our CO redshift coverage spans z ≲ 0.45, 1 ≲ z ≲ 1.9 and all z ≳ 2. We reach a CO detection limit that is deep enough to detect essentially all z > 1 CO lines reported in the literature so far. We have developed and applied different line-searching algorithms, resulting in the discovery of 17 line candidates. We estimate that the rate of false positive line detections is ∼2/17. We identify optical/NIR counterparts from the deep ancillary database of the HDF-N for seven of these candidates and investigate their available spectral energy distributions. Two secure CO detections in our scan are identified with star-forming galaxies at z = 1.784 and at z = 2.047. These galaxies have colors consistent with the 'BzK' color selection and they show relatively bright CO emission compared with galaxies of similar dust continuum luminosity. We also detect two spectral lines in the submillimeter galaxy HDF 850.1 at z = 5.183. We consider an additional nine line candidates as high quality. Our observations also providemore » a deep 3 mm continuum map (1σ noise level = 8.6 μJy beam{sup –1}). Via a stacking approach, we find that optical/MIR bright galaxies contribute only to <50% of the star formation rate density at 1 < z < 3, unless high dust temperatures are invoked. The present study represents a first, fundamental step toward an unbiased census of molecular gas in 'normal' galaxies at high-z, a crucial goal of extragalactic astronomy in the ALMA era.« less
Authors:
; ; ; ;  [1] ;  [2] ;  [3] ; ; ;  [4] ;  [5] ;  [6] ;  [7] ; ;  [8] ;  [9] ;  [10] ; ;  [11] ;  [12] more »; « less
  1. Max-Planck Institut für Astronomie, Königstuhl 17, D-69117 Heidelberg (Germany)
  2. NRAO, Pete V. Domenici Array Science Center, P.O. Box O, Socorro, NM 87801 (United States)
  3. Cornell University, 220 Space Sciences Building, Ithaca, NY 14853 (United States)
  4. IRAM, 300 rue de la Piscine, F-38406 Saint-Martin d'Hères (France)
  5. European Southern Observatory, Alonso de Cordova 3107, Casilla 19001, Vitacura Santiago (Chile)
  6. Department of Astronomy, University of Michigan, 500 Church Street, Ann Arbor, MI 48109 (United States)
  7. Argelander Institute for Astronomy, University of Bonn, Auf dem Hügel 71, D-53121 Bonn (Germany)
  8. Laboratoire AIM, CEA/DSM-CNRS-Universite Paris Diderot, Irfu/Service d'Astrophysique, CEA Saclay, Orme des Merisiers, F-91191 Gif-sur-Yvette cedex (France)
  9. National Optical Astronomy Observatory, 950 North Cherry Avenue, Tucson, AZ 85719 (United States)
  10. Astronomy Department, California Institute of Technology, MC105-24, Pasadena, CA 91125 (United States)
  11. Cavendish Laboratory, University of Cambridge, 19 J. J. Thomson Avenue, Cambridge CB3 0HE (United Kingdom)
  12. Max-Planck-Institut für Radioastronomie, Auf dem Hügel 69, D-53121 Bonn (Germany)
Publication Date:
OSTI Identifier:
22351431
Resource Type:
Journal Article
Resource Relation:
Journal Name: Astrophysical Journal; Journal Volume: 782; Journal Issue: 2; Other Information: Country of input: International Atomic Energy Agency (IAEA)
Country of Publication:
United States
Language:
English
Subject:
79 ASTROPHYSICS, COSMOLOGY AND ASTRONOMY; ALGORITHMS; ASTRONOMY; BEAMS; CARBON MONOXIDE; COLOR; COMPARATIVE EVALUATIONS; DENSITY; DETECTION; DUSTS; EMISSION; ENERGY SPECTRA; GALAXIES; GHZ RANGE; INTERFEROMETERS; INTERMEDIATE INFRARED RADIATION; LUMINOSITY; NEAR INFRARED RADIATION; RED SHIFT; SENSITIVITY; STARS