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Title: A 33 yr constancy of the X-ray coronae of AR Lac and eclipse diagnosis of scale height

Extensive X-ray and EUV photometric observations of the eclipsing RS CVn system AR Lac were obtained over the years 1997-2013 with the Chandra X-Ray Observatory Extreme-Ultraviolet Explorer (EUVE). During primary eclipse, High Resolution Camera count rates decrease by ∼40%. A similar minimum is seen during one primary eclipse observed by EUVE but not in others owing to intrinsic source variability. Little evidence for secondary eclipses is present in either the X-ray or EUV data, reminiscent of earlier X-ray and EUV observations. Primary eclipses allow us to estimate the extent of a spherically symmetric corona on the primary G star of about 1.3 R {sub ☉}, or 0.86 R {sub *}, and indicate that the G star is likely brighter than the K component by a factor of 2-5. Brightness changes not attributable to eclipses appear to be dominated by stochastic variability and are generally non-repeating. X-ray and EUV light curves cannot therefore be reliably used to reconstruct the spatial distribution of emission assuming that only eclipses and rotational modulation are at work. Moderate flaring is observed, where count rates increase by up to a factor of three above quiescence. Combined with older ASCA, Einstein, EXOSAT, ROSAT, and BeppoSAX observations, themore » data show that the level of quiescent coronal emission at X-ray wavelengths has remained remarkably constant over 33 yr, with no sign of variation due to magnetic cycles. Variations in base level X-ray emission seen by Chandra over 13 yr are only ∼10%, while variations back to pioneering Einstein observations in 1980 amount to a maximum of 45% and more typically about 15%.« less
Authors:
; ; ;  [1] ;  [2] ;  [3]
  1. Harvard-Smithsonian Center for Astrophysics, 60 Garden Street, Cambridge, MA 02138 (United States)
  2. Massachusetts Institute of Technology, Kavli Institute for Astrophysics and Space Research, 77 Massachusetts Avenue, Cambridge, MA 02139 (United States)
  3. Space Sciences Laboratory, University of California, Berkeley, 7 Gauss Way, Berkeley, CA 94720 (United States)
Publication Date:
OSTI Identifier:
22351393
Resource Type:
Journal Article
Resource Relation:
Journal Name: Astrophysical Journal; Journal Volume: 783; Journal Issue: 1; Other Information: Country of input: International Atomic Energy Agency (IAEA)
Country of Publication:
United States
Language:
English
Subject:
79 ASTROPHYSICS, COSMOLOGY AND ASTRONOMY; BRIGHTNESS; COUNTING RATES; ECLIPSE; EMISSION; EXTREME ULTRAVIOLET RADIATION; RESOLUTION; SCALE HEIGHT; SPATIAL DISTRIBUTION; SPHERICAL CONFIGURATION; STARS; STOCHASTIC PROCESSES; SYMMETRY; WAVELENGTHS; X RADIATION