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Title: Structural basis for a hand-like site in the calcium sensor CatchER with fast kinetics

High-resolution crystal structures of the designed calcium sensor CatchER revealed snapshots of calcium and gadolinium ions binding within the designed site in agreement with its fast kinetics. Calcium ions, which are important signaling molecules, can be detected in the endoplasmic reticulum by an engineered mutant of green fluorescent protein (GFP) designated CatchER with a fast off-rate. High resolution (1.78–1.20 Å) crystal structures were analyzed for CatchER in the apo form and in complexes with calcium or gadolinium to probe the binding site for metal ions. While CatchER exhibits a 1:1 binding stoichiometry in solution, two positions were observed for each of the metal ions bound within the hand-like site formed by the carboxylate side chains of the mutated residues S147E, S202D, Q204E, F223E and T225E that may be responsible for its fast kinetic properties. Comparison of the structures of CatchER, wild-type GFP and enhanced GFP confirmed that different conformations of Thr203 and Glu222 are associated with the two forms of Tyr66 of the chromophore which are responsible for the absorbance wavelengths of the different proteins. Calcium binding to CatchER may shift the equilibrium for conformational population of the Glu222 side chain and lead to further changes in its optical properties.
Authors:
; ; ; ;  [1] ;  [1] ;  [2] ;  [1] ;  [2] ;  [2]
  1. Georgia State University, Atlanta, GA 30303 (United States)
  2. (United States)
Publication Date:
OSTI Identifier:
22351298
Resource Type:
Journal Article
Resource Relation:
Journal Name: Acta Crystallographica. Section D: Biological Crystallography; Journal Volume: 69; Journal Issue: Pt 12; Other Information: PMCID: PMC3852649; PMID: 24311573; PUBLISHER-ID: dw5059; OAI: oai:pubmedcentral.nih.gov:3852649; Copyright (c) International Union of Crystallography 2013; Country of input: International Atomic Energy Agency (IAEA)
Country of Publication:
Denmark
Language:
English
Subject:
75 CONDENSED MATTER PHYSICS, SUPERCONDUCTIVITY AND SUPERFLUIDITY; CALCIUM; CALCIUM IONS; CHAINS; CRYSTAL STRUCTURE; EQUILIBRIUM; GADOLINIUM; GADOLINIUM IONS; MOLECULES; OPTICAL PROPERTIES; PROBES; RESOLUTION; SENSORS; STOICHIOMETRY; WAVELENGTHS