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Title: On the increase of the “non-uniform” scaling of the magnetic field variations before the M{sub w}9.0 earthquake in Japan in 2011

By applying Detrended Fluctuation Analysis (DFA) to the time series of the geomagnetic data recorded at three measuring stations in Japan, Rong et al. in 2012 recently reported that anomalous magnetic field variations were identified well before the occurrence of the disastrous Tohoku M{sub w}9.0 earthquake that occurred on 11 March 2011 in Japan exhibiting increased “non-uniform” scaling behavior. Here, we provide an explanation for the appearance of this increase of “non-uniform” scaling on the following grounds: These magnetic field variations are the ones that accompany the electric field variations termed Seismic Electric Signals (SES) activity which have been repeatedly reported that precede major earthquakes. DFA as well as multifractal DFA reveal that the latter electric field variations exhibit scaling behavior as shown by analyzing SES activities observed before major earthquakes in Greece. Hence, when these variations are superimposed on a background of pseudosinusoidal trend, their long range correlation properties—quantified by DFA—are affected resulting in an increase of the “non-uniform” scaling behavior. The same is expected to hold for the former magnetic field variations. This explanation is strengthened by recent findings showing that the fluctuations of the order parameter of seismicity exhibited an unprecedented minimum almost two months before themore » Tohoku earthquake occurrence which is characteristic for an almost simultaneous emission of Seismic Electric Signals activity.« less
Authors:
 [1]
  1. Solid State Section and Solid Earth Physics Institute, Physics Department, University of Athens, Panepistimiopolis, Zografos 157 84, Athens (Greece)
Publication Date:
OSTI Identifier:
22351114
Resource Type:
Journal Article
Resource Relation:
Journal Name: Chaos (Woodbury, N. Y.); Journal Volume: 24; Journal Issue: 2; Other Information: (c) 2014 AIP Publishing LLC; Country of input: International Atomic Energy Agency (IAEA)
Country of Publication:
United States
Language:
English
Subject:
71 CLASSICAL AND QUANTUM MECHANICS, GENERAL PHYSICS; EARTHQUAKES; ELECTRIC FIELDS; EMISSION; FLUCTUATIONS; GREECE; JAPAN; MAGNETIC FIELDS; ORDER PARAMETERS; SEISMICITY; SIGNALS