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Title: SU-E-T-193: FMEA Severity Scores - Do We Really Know?

Purpose: Mycosis fungoides is a common form of cutaneous T-cell lymphoma which generally affects the skin. A typical course of treatment may include fractionated total skin electron beam therapy. Given the difficulties in uniformly irradiating some regions of the body and the need for frequent visits within the context of a fractionated protocol, this study investigated the feasibility of delivering the dose using form-fitting cloth which contained phosphorous-32 as a source for beta particle irradiation. Methods: A piece of fabric (0.97 g) consisting of a blend of spandex and flame retardant material impregnated with phosphorus-31 (2000 ppm) was bombarded with neutrons to produce phosphorus-32. The cloth was then laid flat and a stack of radiochromic film placed on top. Sheets of film and tissue equivalent plastic were layered to form a stack measuring a total of 1 cm thickness and remained sandwiched for 77.3 hr. Results: The initial activity of the activated cloth was 44 ╬╝Ci of P-32. The absorbed dose was uniform within planes parallel to the cloth and exponentially dependent on depth, delivering 560cGy at 0.3mm and falling to 20cGy at 3mm. Conclusion: The total dose prescribed for a typical course of TSET for mycosis fungoides is 36Gymore » delivered over 9 weeks and is expected to treat to at least 5mm depth. Therefore, the P-32 impregnated cloth may not be clinically indicated to treat this disease given the unfavorable depth-dose characteristics. However, a major advantage of using form-fitting cloth is the uniformity with which the dose could be delivered over the skin in areas which are not flat. Increasing the distance between cloth and skin could improve the depth-dose characteristics.« less
Authors:
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Publication Date:
OSTI Identifier:
22351031
Resource Type:
Journal Article
Resource Relation:
Journal Name: Medical Physics; Journal Volume: 41; Journal Issue: 6; Other Information: (c) 2014 American Association of Physicists in Medicine; Country of input: International Atomic Energy Agency (IAEA)
Country of Publication:
United States
Language:
English
Subject:
07 ISOTOPES AND RADIATION SOURCES; 60 APPLIED LIFE SCIENCES; ABSORBED RADIATION DOSES; ANIMAL TISSUES; BETA PARTICLES; DEPTH DOSE DISTRIBUTIONS; ELECTRON BEAMS; LYMPHOMAS; NEUTRONS; PHOSPHORUS 32; RADIOTHERAPY; SKIN; THICKNESS