skip to main content

Title: Dark-field X-ray imaging of unsaturated water transport in porous materials

We introduce in this Letter an approach to X-ray imaging of unsaturated water transport in porous materials based upon the intrinsic X-ray scattering produced by the material microstructural heterogeneity at a length scale below the imaging system spatial resolution. The basic principle for image contrast creation consists in a reduction of such scattering by permeation of the porosity by water. The implementation of the approach is based upon X-ray dark-field imaging via Talbot-Lau interferometry. The proof-of-concept is provided by performing laboratory-scale dark-field X-ray radiography of mortar samples during a water capillary uptake experiment. The results suggest that the proposed approach to visualizing unsaturated water transport in porous materials is complementary to neutron and magnetic resonance imaging and alternative to standard X-ray imaging, the latter requiring the use of contrast agents because based upon X-ray attenuation only.
Authors:
; ;  [1] ;  [2] ; ; ; ;  [3] ; ;  [1]
  1. Empa, Swiss Federal Laboratories for Materials Science and Technology, Dübendorf 8600 (Switzerland)
  2. (IfB), ETH Zurich, Zürich 8093 (Switzerland)
  3. Physik-Department and Institut für Medizintechnik, Technische Universität München, Garching (Germany)
Publication Date:
OSTI Identifier:
22350935
Resource Type:
Journal Article
Resource Relation:
Journal Name: Applied Physics Letters; Journal Volume: 105; Journal Issue: 15; Other Information: (c) 2014 AIP Publishing LLC; Country of input: International Atomic Energy Agency (IAEA)
Country of Publication:
United States
Language:
English
Subject:
75 CONDENSED MATTER PHYSICS, SUPERCONDUCTIVITY AND SUPERFLUIDITY; ATTENUATION; CAPILLARIES; CONTRAST MEDIA; INTERFEROMETRY; MICROSTRUCTURE; NEUTRONS; NMR IMAGING; POROSITY; POROUS MATERIALS; SPATIAL RESOLUTION; WATER; X RADIATION; X-RAY DIFFRACTION; X-RAY RADIOGRAPHY