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Title: The influence of α-FeOOH/rGO hybrids on the improved thermal stability and smoke suppression properties in polystyrene

Highlights: • In this paper, α-FeOOH/rGO hybrids had been prepared by a facile hydrothermal method. • The addition of the α-FeOOH/rGO hybrids showed a significant effect on the thermal stability and smoke suppression properties of PS composites. • Graphene can be employed to improve the smoke suppression properties of polymer and further extended the application of graphene. - Abstract: In this work, α-FeOOH/rGO hybrids were firstly prepared by a facile hydrothermal method. X-ray diffraction and transmission electron microscopy results indicated that α-FeOOH nanoparticles were dispersed uniformly on the surface of graphene nanosheets. Subsequently, the α-FeOOH/rGO hybrids were incorporated into polystyrene (PS) matrix for the improvement of the thermal stability and smoke suppression properties. It was found that the thermal stability of PS nanocomposite was obviously enhanced upon the introduction of 2.0 wt% α-FeOOH/rGO hybrids. Furthermore, the addition of α-FeOOH/rGO hybrids could improve the smoke suppression properties of PS nanocomposites, as evidenced by the dramatical reduction of carbon monoxide production rate, total smoke release and total smoke production. The total flammable gaseous products from the PS nanocomposites were decreased which further led to the inhibition of smoke. Such a significant improvement in thermal stability and smoke suppression properties was mainly attributedmore » to the physical barrier effect of graphene nanosheets and the catalytic carbonization function of α-FeOOH nanoparticles.« less
Authors:
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Publication Date:
OSTI Identifier:
22348652
Resource Type:
Journal Article
Resource Relation:
Journal Name: Materials Research Bulletin; Journal Volume: 53; Other Information: Copyright (c) 2014 Elsevier Science B.V., Amsterdam, The Netherlands, All rights reserved.; Country of input: International Atomic Energy Agency (IAEA)
Country of Publication:
United States
Language:
English
Subject:
36 MATERIALS SCIENCE; 77 NANOSCIENCE AND NANOTECHNOLOGY; CARBON MONOXIDE; CARBONIZATION; GRAPHENE; HYBRIDIZATION; HYDROTHERMAL SYNTHESIS; INHIBITION; NANOCOMPOSITES; NANOPARTICLES; NANOSTRUCTURES; POLYSTYRENE; SMOKES; STABILITY; THERMAL GRAVIMETRIC ANALYSIS; TRANSMISSION ELECTRON MICROSCOPY; X-RAY DIFFRACTION