skip to main content

Title: Effect of neodymium substitution on structural and ferroelectric properties of BNT ceramics

Graphical abstract: - Highlights: • First time, we synthesized (Bi{sub 1−x}Nd{sub x}){sub 0.5}Na{sub 0.5}TiO{sub 3} system by semi wet technique. • Grain size reduced with doping and Nd acts as an inhibitor in the grain growth. • Specimen with x = 0.02 exhibits excellent ferroelectric properties at RT. • P–E loops show the co-existence of polar and non polar regions around ‘T{sub d}’. - Abstract: Polycrystalline specimens of (Bi{sub 1−x}Nd{sub x}){sub 0.5}Na{sub 0.5}TiO{sub 3} (BNNT) ceramic system with compositions x ≤ 0.04 were synthesized by semi-wet technique using ethylene glycol precursor. Structural and electrical properties were investigated in detail to observe the effect of neodymium (Nd) substitution in BNT system. XRD patterns for all the specimens showed single phase formation with rhombohedral structure. Field emission scanning electron micrographs (FE-SEM) revealed that the grain growth was inhibited significantly with Nd content. The temperature dependence behaviour of dielectric constant revealed that the depolarisation temperature ‘T{sub d}’ decreases whereas temperature of maximum dielectric constant ‘T{sub m}’ increases with Nd concentration. The piezoelectric charge coefficient (d{sub 33}) showed maxima at x = 0.02 and well defined ferroelectric behaviour was observed for all the samples.
Authors:
 [1] ;  [1] ;  [2]
  1. Department of Physics and Materials Science and Engineering, Jaypee Institute of Information Technology, Noida 201307 (India)
  2. Electroceramics Group, Solid State Physics Laboratory, Timarpur, Delhi 110054 (India)
Publication Date:
OSTI Identifier:
22348595
Resource Type:
Journal Article
Resource Relation:
Journal Name: Materials Research Bulletin; Journal Volume: 51; Other Information: Copyright (c) 2013 Elsevier Science B.V., Amsterdam, The Netherlands, All rights reserved.; Country of input: International Atomic Energy Agency (IAEA)
Country of Publication:
United States
Language:
English
Subject:
36 MATERIALS SCIENCE; CERAMICS; DEUTERIUM IONS; ELECTRON SCANNING; FERROELECTRIC MATERIALS; FIELD EMISSION; GLYCOLS; GRAIN GROWTH; GRAIN SIZE; NEODYMIUM; PERMITTIVITY; PIEZOELECTRICITY; POLYCRYSTALS; SCANNING ELECTRON MICROSCOPY; TEMPERATURE DEPENDENCE; TRIGONAL LATTICES; X-RAY DIFFRACTION