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Title: From poloidal to toroidal: Detection of a well-ordered magnetic field in the high-mass protocluster G35.2–0.74 N

We report the detection of an ordered magnetic field threading a cluster-forming clump in the molecular cloud G35.2–0.74 using Submillimeter Array observations of polarized dust emission. We resolve the morphology of the magnetic field in the plane of sky and detect a great turn of 90° in the field direction: over the northern part of the clump, where a velocity gradient is evident, the magnetic field is aligned along the long axis of the clump, whereas in the southern part, where the velocity structure appears relatively uniform, the field is aligned perpendicular to the clump. Taking into account early single-disk data, we suggest that the clump forms as its parent cloud collapses more along the magnetic field. The northern part of the clump carries over angular momentum from the cloud, forming a fast rotating system, and the magnetic field is pulled into a toroidal configuration. In contrast, the southern part is not significantly rotating and retains a poloidal field. A statistical analysis of the observed polarization dispersion yields a field strength of ∼1 mG. Detailed calculations support our hypothesis of a rotationally twisted magnetic field in the northern part. The observations suggest that the magnetic field may play a criticalmore » role in the formation of the dense clump, while in its further dynamical evolution, rotation and turbulence can also be important. In addition, our observations provide evidence for a wide-angle outflow driven from a strongly rotating region whose magnetic field is largely toroidal.« less
Authors:
 [1] ;  [2] ;  [3] ; ;  [4]
  1. School of Astronomy and Space Science, Nanjing University, 22 Hankou Road, Nanjing 210093 (China)
  2. Harvard-Smithsonian Center for Astrophysics, 60 Garden Street, Cambridge, MA 02138 (United States)
  3. Max-Planck-Institut für Radioastronomie, Auf dem Hügel 69, D-53121 Bonn (Germany)
  4. Academia Sinica Institute of Astronomy and Astrophysics, P.O. Box 23-141, Taipei, 106 Taiwan (China)
Publication Date:
OSTI Identifier:
22348396
Resource Type:
Journal Article
Resource Relation:
Journal Name: Astrophysical Journal; Journal Volume: 779; Journal Issue: 2; Other Information: Country of input: International Atomic Energy Agency (IAEA)
Country of Publication:
United States
Language:
English
Subject:
79 ASTROPHYSICS, COSMOLOGY AND ASTRONOMY; ANGULAR MOMENTUM; DETECTION; DISPERSIONS; DUSTS; EMISSION; HYPOTHESIS; MAGNETIC FIELDS; MASS; POLARIZATION; STAR CLUSTERS; STARS; TOROIDAL CONFIGURATION; TURBULENCE; VELOCITY