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Title: Time-dependent models for blazar emission with the second-order Fermi acceleration

The second-order Fermi acceleration (Fermi-II) driven by turbulence may be responsible for the electron acceleration in blazar jets. We test this model with time-dependent simulations. The hard electron spectrum predicted by the Fermi-II process agrees with the hard photon spectrum of 1ES 1101–232. For other blazars that show softer spectra, the Fermi-II model requires radial evolution of the electron injection rate and/or diffusion coefficient in the outflow. Such evolutions can yield a curved electron spectrum, which can reproduce the synchrotron spectrum of Mrk 421 from the radio to the X-ray regime. The photon spectrum in the GeV energy range of Mrk 421 is hard to fit with a synchrotron self-Compton model. However, if we introduce an external radio photon field with a luminosity of 4.9 × 10{sup 38} erg s{sup –1}, GeV photons are successfully produced via inverse Compton scattering. The temporal variability of the diffusion coefficient or injection rate causes flare emission. The observed synchronicity of X-ray and TeV flares implies a decrease of the magnetic field in the flaring source region.
Authors:
 [1] ; ;  [2] ;  [3] ;  [4]
  1. Institute for Cosmic Ray Research, The University of Tokyo, 5-1-5 Kashiwanoha, Kashiwa, Chiba 277-8582 (Japan)
  2. Department of Earth and Space Science, Osaka University, Osaka 560-0043 (Japan)
  3. Department of Physics, School of Science and Technology, Kwansei Gakuin University, Sanda 669-1337 (Japan)
  4. Department of Physical Science, Hiroshima University, Higashi-Hiroshima 739-8526 (Japan)
Publication Date:
OSTI Identifier:
22348318
Resource Type:
Journal Article
Resource Relation:
Journal Name: Astrophysical Journal; Journal Volume: 780; Journal Issue: 1; Other Information: Country of input: International Atomic Energy Agency (IAEA)
Country of Publication:
United States
Language:
English
Subject:
79 ASTROPHYSICS, COSMOLOGY AND ASTRONOMY; ACCELERATION; BL LACERTAE OBJECTS; COMPTON EFFECT; DIFFUSION; ELECTRON BEAM INJECTION; ELECTRON SPECTRA; ELECTRONS; EMISSION; EVOLUTION; GEV RANGE; INJECTION; LUMINOSITY; MAGNETIC FIELDS; PHOTONS; SIMULATION; SULFUR IONS; TEV RANGE; TIME DEPENDENCE; TURBULENCE; X RADIATION