skip to main content

Title: The surface nitrogen abundance of a massive star in relation to its oscillations, rotation, and magnetic field

We have composed a sample of 68 massive stars in our galaxy whose projected rotational velocity, effective temperature, and gravity are available from high-precision spectroscopic measurements. The additional seven observed variables considered here are their surface nitrogen abundance, rotational frequency, magnetic field strength, and the amplitude and frequency of their dominant acoustic and gravity modes of oscillation. A multiple linear regression to estimate the nitrogen abundance combined with principal component analysis, after addressing the incomplete and truncated nature of the data, reveals that the effective temperature and the frequency of the dominant acoustic oscillation mode are the only two significant predictors for the nitrogen abundance, while the projected rotational velocity and the rotational frequency have no predictive power. The dominant gravity mode and the magnetic field strength are correlated with the effective temperature but have no predictive power for the nitrogen abundance. Our findings are completely based on observations and their proper statistical treatment and call for a new strategy in evaluating the outcome of stellar evolution computations.
Authors:
 [1] ;  [2] ;  [3] ;  [4]
  1. Institute of Astronomy, KU Leuven, Celestijnenlaan 200D, B-3001 Leuven (Belgium)
  2. Faculty of Science, Hasselt University, Martelarenlaan 42, B-3500 Hasselt (Belgium)
  3. Department of Medical Statistics, London School of Hygiene and Tropical Medicine, Keppel Street, London WC1E7HT (United Kingdom)
  4. LESIA, UMR 8109 du CNRS, Observatoire de Paris, UPMC, Paris Diderot, 5 Place Jules Janssen, F-92195 Meudon Cedex (France)
Publication Date:
OSTI Identifier:
22348114
Resource Type:
Journal Article
Resource Relation:
Journal Name: Astrophysical Journal; Journal Volume: 781; Journal Issue: 2; Other Information: Country of input: International Atomic Energy Agency (IAEA)
Country of Publication:
United States
Language:
English
Subject:
79 ASTROPHYSICS, COSMOLOGY AND ASTRONOMY; ABUNDANCE; AMPLITUDES; CALCULATION METHODS; GALAXIES; GRAVITATION; MAGNETIC FIELDS; NITROGEN; OSCILLATION MODES; OSCILLATIONS; ROTATION; STAR EVOLUTION; STARS; SURFACES; VELOCITY