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Title: IR laser-induced protein crystal transformation

A novel method and the associated instrumentation for improving crystalline order (higher resolution of X-ray diffraction and reduced mosaicity) of protein crystals by precisely controlled heating is demonstrated. Crystal transformation is optically controlled by a video system. A method and the design of instrumentation, and its preliminary practical realisation, including test experiments, with the object of inducing phase changes of biomolecular crystals by controlled dehydration through heating with infrared (IR) light are described. The aim is to generate and select crystalline phases through transformation in the solid state which have improved order (higher resolution in X-ray diffraction experiments) and reduced mosaic spread (more uniformly aligned mosaic blocks) for diffraction data collection and analysis. The crystal is heated by pulsed and/or constant IR laser irradiation. Loss of crystal water following heating and its reabsorption through equilibration with the environment is measured optically by a video system. Heating proved superior to traditional controlled dehydration by humidity change for the test cases CODH (carbon monoxide dehydrogenase) and CLK2 (a protein kinase). Heating with IR light is experimentally simple and offers an exploration of a much broader parameter space than the traditional method, as it allows the option of varying the rate of phasemore » changes through modification of the IR pulse strength, width and repeat frequency. It impacts the crystal instantaneously, isotropically and homogeneously, and is therefore expected to cause less mechanical stress.« less
Authors:
;  [1] ;  [2] ;  [3] ;  [1] ;  [2] ;  [4] ;  [2]
  1. Max-Planck-Institut für Biochemie, Am Klopferspitz 18, 82152 Martinsried (Germany)
  2. (Germany)
  3. Proteros Biostructures GmbH, Bunsenstrasse 7a, 82152 Martinsried (Germany)
  4. (United Kingdom)
Publication Date:
OSTI Identifier:
22347796
Resource Type:
Journal Article
Resource Relation:
Journal Name: Acta Crystallographica. Section D: Biological Crystallography; Journal Volume: 70; Journal Issue: Pt 5; Other Information: PMCID: PMC4014118; PMID: 24816092; PUBLISHER-ID: gm5030; OAI: oai:pubmedcentral.nih.gov:4014118; Copyright (c) Kiefersauer et al. 2014; This is an open-access article distributed under the terms of the Creative Commons Attribution Licence, which permits unrestricted use, distribution, and reproduction in any medium, provided the original authors and source are cited.; Country of input: International Atomic Energy Agency (IAEA)
Country of Publication:
Denmark
Language:
English
Subject:
75 CONDENSED MATTER PHYSICS, SUPERCONDUCTIVITY AND SUPERFLUIDITY; ABSORPTION; CARBON MONOXIDE; CRYSTALS; DEHYDRATION; HEATING; HUMIDITY; IRON; IRRADIATION; MODIFICATIONS; PULSES; SOLIDS; VISIBLE RADIATION; WIDTH; X-RAY DIFFRACTION