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Title: The effect of Ni addition on the structure of Pt–Sn/C nanoparticles by electron microscopy

Highlights: • A typical Pt/SnO{sub 2} core–shell structure is present in Pt–Sn. • The most of SnO{sub 2} species are likely clustered in Pt–Sn. • SnO{sub 2} nanoparticles prefer to locate close to Pt–Sn–Ni nanoclusters. • Main crystallographic structures are either cubic Pt or PtSn{sub 2}. - Abstract: Carbon supported bimetallic Pt–Sn and trimetallic Pt–Sn–Ni nanoparticles were synthesized by Bönnemann's colloidal precursor method and characterized by high-resolution transmission electron microscopy (HR-TEM) and energy dispersive X-ray analysis (EDX) techniques. HR-TEM and EDX results demonstrated that SnO{sub 2} nanoparticles tend to form clusters in Pt–Sn/C; however, the presence of Ni in the Pt–Sn/C gives rise to an induced interaction between SnO{sub 2} and Pt nanoparticles. Electron diffraction patterns of Pt–Sn–Ni/C showed that either cubic Pt or PtSn{sub 2} structures are present. From the selected area EDX analysis, it was found that both of these structures contain Sn. This suggests that Pt–Sn–Ni/C nanoparticles may be partially covered by Sn-richer PtSn{sub 2} alloyed structure.
Authors:
 [1] ;  [2] ;  [3]
  1. Department of Chemistry, Faculty of Science and Letters, Istanbul Technical University, 34469 Maslak, İstanbul (Turkey)
  2. (France)
  3. Electrocatalysis Group, IC2MP, UMR 7285, CNRS, Université de Poitiers, 40 avenue du Recteur Pineau, 86022 Poitiers Cedex (France)
Publication Date:
OSTI Identifier:
22345241
Resource Type:
Journal Article
Resource Relation:
Journal Name: Materials Research Bulletin; Journal Volume: 50; Other Information: Copyright (c) 2013 Elsevier Science B.V., Amsterdam, The Netherlands, All rights reserved.; Country of input: International Atomic Energy Agency (IAEA)
Country of Publication:
United States
Language:
English
Subject:
36 MATERIALS SCIENCE; 77 NANOSCIENCE AND NANOTECHNOLOGY; ALLOYS; CARBON; CRYSTALLOGRAPHY; ELECTRON DIFFRACTION; INTERACTIONS; NANOPARTICLES; NANOSTRUCTURES; TIN OXIDES; TRANSMISSION ELECTRON MICROSCOPY; X RADIATION