skip to main content

SciTech ConnectSciTech Connect

Title: Compact Li-doped Gd{sub 2}Ti{sub 2}O{sub 7} prepared with LiO{sub 0.5} self-flux

Graphical abstract: Left figure is the unit cell a-axis of the GLT-2L (■), GLT (●) and GT (▴) as a function of x. Both of the GLT-2L and GLT have the same results so that they have the same chemical formula, (Gd{sub 2−x}Li{sub x})Ti{sub 2}O{sub 7−x}, in which GT has a formula of Gd{sub 2−x}Ti{sub 2}O{sub 7−x}. Relative densities are shown in the right figure. GLT-2L (■) has higher values than GLT (●). 2x moles of LiO{sub 0.5} were added as a self-flux to prepare GLT-2L at 1250 °C, which was about 300 °C lowered than required without the co-existence of the flux and Li ion substitution. - Highlights: • A new series of compounds with a formula as (Gd{sub 2−x}Li{sub x})Ti{sub 2}O{sub 7−x} was synthesized. • Each GLT-2L sample contains (Gd{sub 2−x}Li{sub x})Ti{sub 2}O{sub 7−x} and 2x moles of LiO{sub 0.5} self-flux. • 1250 °C was used to prepare the GLT-2L samples; 300 °C lower than required. • Electrical conductivity of the GLT-2L is not affected by the presence of the flux. • Average valence of the Ti ions is slightly less than 4. - Abstract: A series of (Gd{sub 2−x}Li{sub x})Ti{sub 2}O{sub 7−x} with x = 0.040–0.110 wasmore » first reported. Parent compound with 2x moles of LiO{sub 0.5} self-flux was prepared at 1250 °C and abbreviated as GLT-2L. Relative density of all the samples is higher than 92%. By the addition of flux and Li ions substitution, preparation temperature is lowered for more than 300 °C. Comparing the unit cell a-axis, GLT with a formula as (Gd{sub 2−x}Li{sub x})Ti{sub 2}O{sub 7−x} without flux addition has exactly the same as the GLT-2L with the same x. By the addition of flux, materials become more compact and grains grow bigger for the GLT-2L than the corresponding GLT samples. Electrical conductivity of a GLT-2L with x = 0.110 at 700 °C is 3 times larger than the measurements done by other research groups in the Gd{sub 2}Ti{sub 2}O{sub 7}. In order to demonstrate the successful substitution of the Li ion into the Gd site, a series of GT samples was prepared with a formula of Gd{sub 2−x}Ti{sub 2}O{sub 7−1.5x}. With the same amount of x, every GLT samples have a longer unit cell a-axis than that of the GT. The difference is caused by the substitution of the Li ion into the Gd site. Valence of the Ti atoms of the GLT-2L samples is slightly less than 4 studied by the XANES spectroscopy.« less
Authors:
; ; ; ; ;  [1] ;  [1] ; ;  [2] ; ;  [3]
  1. Department of Chemistry, Tamkang University, New Taipei City 25137, Taiwan (China)
  2. National Synchrotron Radiation Research Center, Hsinchu 30076, Taiwan (China)
  3. Institute of Nuclear Energy Research, Atomic Energy Council, Longtan 32546, Taiwan (China)
Publication Date:
OSTI Identifier:
22345220
Resource Type:
Journal Article
Resource Relation:
Journal Name: Materials Research Bulletin; Journal Volume: 50; Other Information: Copyright (c) 2013 Elsevier Science B.V., Amsterdam, The Netherlands, All rights reserved.; Country of input: International Atomic Energy Agency (IAEA)
Country of Publication:
United States
Language:
English
Subject:
36 MATERIALS SCIENCE; 37 INORGANIC, ORGANIC, PHYSICAL AND ANALYTICAL CHEMISTRY; ABSORPTION SPECTROSCOPY; DENSITY; DOPED MATERIALS; ELECTRIC CONDUCTIVITY; ELECTRON MICROSCOPY; LITHIUM IONS; OXIDES; TITANIUM IONS; X-RAY DIFFRACTION; X-RAY SPECTROSCOPY