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Title: Novel mixed hydroxy-carbonate precursor assisted synthetic technique for LiNi{sub 1/3}Mn{sub 1/3}Co{sub 1/3}O{sub 2} cathode materials

Highlights: • MHC method used to overcome drawbacks of solid state synthesized materials. • Least cation mixing, phase purity, good reversibility and rate capability achieved. • XRD I {sub 0} {sub 0} {sub 3}/I{sub 1} {sub 0} {sub 4} factor, indicating electrochemical reactivity is maximum at 1.6984. • Li/LiNi{sub 1/3}Mn{sub 1/3}Co{sub 1/3}O{sub 2} cell delivered an initial discharge capacity of 175 mAh g{sup −1}. - Abstract: Novel mixed hydroxy-carbonate (MHC) precursors were used to synthesis technique of LiNi{sub 1/3}Mn{sub 1/3}Co{sub 1/3}O{sub 2} cathode material. The powder X-ray diffraction (XRD) pattern of the synthesized LiNi{sub 1/3}Mn{sub 1/3}Co{sub 1/3}O{sub 2} cathode materials exhibited a hexagonal cell with a = 2.8535 Å and c = 14.2040 Å. Fourier transform infrared spectroscopy (FT-IR) spectrum of MHC and LiNi{sub 1/3}Mn{sub 1/3}Co{sub 1/3}O{sub 2} consistent with vibration modes of functional group. Presence of sub-micrometer particle size (200 nm) and highly crystalline morphology confirmed using scanning electron microscopy (SEM). X-ray photoelectron spectroscopy (XPS) suggested that oxidation state of the transition metals; Ni in +2, Mn in +4 and Co in +3 states, respectively in LiNi{sub 1/3}Mn{sub 1/3}Co{sub 1/3}O{sub 2} cathode materials. Cyclic voltammograms (CV) revealed only one major redox couple at 4 V and suggested the absencemore » of structural transitions from hexagonal to monoclinic structure. The Li vs. LiNi{sub 1/3}Mn{sub 1/3}Co{sub 1/3}O{sub 2} cell delivered an initial discharge capacity of 175 mAh g{sup −1} in the voltage range 2.5–4.6 V @ 0.1 C.« less
Authors:
;
Publication Date:
OSTI Identifier:
22345207
Resource Type:
Journal Article
Resource Relation:
Journal Name: Materials Research Bulletin; Journal Volume: 50; Other Information: Copyright (c) 2013 Elsevier Science B.V., Amsterdam, The Netherlands, All rights reserved.; Country of input: International Atomic Energy Agency (IAEA)
Country of Publication:
United States
Language:
English
Subject:
36 MATERIALS SCIENCE; ABSORPTION SPECTROSCOPY; CARBONATES; CATHODES; ELECTRIC POTENTIAL; FOURIER TRANSFORM SPECTROMETERS; FOURIER TRANSFORMATION; INFRARED SPECTRA; MONOCLINIC LATTICES; PARTICLE SIZE; POWDERS; SCANNING ELECTRON MICROSCOPY; SOLIDS; SYNTHESIS; X-RAY DIFFRACTION; X-RAY PHOTOELECTRON SPECTROSCOPY