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Title: Microstructure evolution of Li uptake/removal in MoO{sub 2}@C nanoparticles with high lithium storage performance

Highlights: • The carbon-coated MoO{sub 2} (MoO{sub 2}@C) ultra fine nanoparticles are synthesized by one-pot hydrothermal method. • MoO{sub 2}@C nanoparticles have high specific capacity, excellent cycling performance and rate performance. • Phase transformations for lithium ion uptake/removal are examined carefully by TEM. • Phase transformations are highly reversible during the redox process. - Abstract: A facile one pot strategy of a hydrothermal methodology was applied to synthesize the carbon coated MoO{sub 2} (MoO{sub 2}@C) nanostructured particles, which are composed of ultra fine nanoparticles with homogeneous carbon coating about several nanometers. As an electrode in lithium ion batteries, the MoO{sub 2}@C shows a high specific capacity and reversible capacity (730 mA h g{sup −1} after 60 cycles). Microstructure investigations, by using a high resolution transmission electron microscopy, of the MoO{sub 2}@C based electrodes employed at various states during the first discharge/charge cycle were conducted to elucidate the lithium ion uptake/removal mechanism and cycling behavior. In the lithium uptake process, the original MoO{sub 2} phase transfers into Li{sub 0.98}MoO{sub 2} through an addition type reaction, and then nanosized metallic Mo emerges as a result of a conversion reaction. In turn, Mo could be oxidized to the intermediate Li{sub 0.98}MoO{sub 2} beforemore » converting to hyperfine MoO{sub 2} phase on upcoming lithium removal process.« less
Authors:
; ; ;  [1] ;  [1] ;  [2]
  1. School of Materials Science and Engineering, Central South University, Changsha 410083 (China)
  2. (China)
Publication Date:
OSTI Identifier:
22345205
Resource Type:
Journal Article
Resource Relation:
Journal Name: Materials Research Bulletin; Journal Volume: 50; Other Information: Copyright (c) 2013 Elsevier Science B.V., Amsterdam, The Netherlands, All rights reserved.; Country of input: International Atomic Energy Agency (IAEA)
Country of Publication:
United States
Language:
English
Subject:
36 MATERIALS SCIENCE; CARBON; ELECTRODES; HYDROTHERMAL SYNTHESIS; LITHIUM; LITHIUM ION BATTERIES; LITHIUM IONS; MICROSTRUCTURE; MOLYBDENUM OXIDES; NANOPARTICLES; NANOSTRUCTURES; PHASE TRANSFORMATIONS; REDOX PROCESS; REMOVAL; TRANSMISSION ELECTRON MICROSCOPY