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Title: WW Geminorum: An early B-type eclipsing binary evolving into the contact phase

WW Gem is a B-type eclipsing binary with a period of 1.2378 days. The CCD photometry of this binary was performed in 2013 December using the 85 cm telescope at the Xinglong Stations of the National Astronomical Observatories of China. Using the updated W-D program, the photometric model was deduced from the VRI light curves. The results imply that WW Gem is a near-contact eclipsing binary whose primary component almost fills its Roche lobe. The photometric mass ratio is q {sub ph} = 0.48(± 0.05). All collected times of minimum light, including two new ones, were used for the period studies. The orbital period changes of WW Gem could be described by an upward parabola, possibly overlaid by a light-time orbit with a period of P {sub mod} = 7.41(± 0.04) yr and a semi-amplitude of A = 0.0079 days(± 0.0005 days), respectively. This kind of cyclic oscillation may be attributed to the light-travel time effect via the third body. The long-term period increases at a rate of dP/dt = +3.47(±0.04) × 10{sup –8} day yr{sup –1}, which may be explained by the conserved mass transfer from the less massive component to the more massive one. With mass transfer, themore » massive binary WW Gem may be evolving into a contact binary.« less
Authors:
; ;  [1] ;  [2]
  1. School of Physics and Electronic Information, Huaibei Normal University, 235000 Huaibei, Anhui Province (China)
  2. Department of Electronic Engineering, School of Information Science Technology, East China Normal University, 200241 Shanghai (China)
Publication Date:
OSTI Identifier:
22342226
Resource Type:
Journal Article
Resource Relation:
Journal Name: Astronomical Journal (New York, N.Y. Online); Journal Volume: 148; Journal Issue: 5; Other Information: Country of input: International Atomic Energy Agency (IAEA)
Country of Publication:
United States
Language:
English
Subject:
79 ASTROPHYSICS, COSMOLOGY AND ASTRONOMY; AMPLITUDES; BINARY STARS; CHARGE-COUPLED DEVICES; CHINA; ECLIPSE; MASS TRANSFER; ORBITS; OSCILLATIONS; PARABOLAS; PHOTOMETRY; ROCHE EQUIPOTENTIALS; STARS; TELESCOPES; VISIBLE RADIATION