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Title: A survey of irradiated pillars, globules, and jets in the Carina nebula

We present wide-field, deep narrowband H{sub 2}, Brγ, Hα, [S ii], [O iii], and broadband I- and K-band images of the Carina star formation region. The new images provide a large-scale overview of all the H{sub 2} and Brγ emission present in over a square degree centered on this signature star-forming complex. By comparing these images with archival Hubble Space Telescope and Spitzer images we observe how intense UV radiation from O and B stars affects star formation in molecular clouds. We use the images to locate new candidate outflows and identify the principal shock waves and irradiated interfaces within dozens of distinct areas of star-forming activity. Shocked molecular gas in jets traces the parts of the flow that are most shielded from the intense UV radiation. Combining the H{sub 2} and optical images gives a more complete view of the jets, which are sometimes only visible in H{sub 2}. The Carina region hosts several compact young clusters, and the gas within these clusters is affected by radiation from both the cluster stars and the massive stars nearby. The Carina Nebula is ideal for studying the physics of young H ii regions and photodissociation region (PDR), as it contains multiplemore » examples of walls and irradiated pillars at various stages of development. Some of the pillars have detached from their host molecular clouds to form proplyds. Fluorescent H{sub 2} outlines the interfaces between the ionized and molecular gas, and after removing continuum, we detect spatial offsets between the Brγ and H{sub 2} emission along the irradiated interfaces. These spatial offsets can be used to test current models of PDRs once synthetic maps of these lines become available.« less
Authors:
 [1] ; ;  [2] ;  [3]
  1. Rice University, Department of Physics and Astronomy, 6100 S. Main, Houston, TX 77521-1892 (United States)
  2. Department of Astronomy, University of Arizona, Tucson, AZ 85721 (United States)
  3. Center for Astrophysics and Space Astronomy, University of Colorado, Boulder, CO 80309 (United States)
Publication Date:
OSTI Identifier:
22342085
Resource Type:
Journal Article
Resource Relation:
Journal Name: Astronomical Journal (New York, N.Y. Online); Journal Volume: 149; Journal Issue: 3; Other Information: Country of input: International Atomic Energy Agency (IAEA)
Country of Publication:
United States
Language:
English
Subject:
79 ASTROPHYSICS, COSMOLOGY AND ASTRONOMY; COMPARATIVE EVALUATIONS; CURRENTS; DISSOCIATION; FLUORESCENCE; HERBIG-HARO OBJECTS; HYDROGEN; IMAGES; INTERFACES; IRRADIATION; NEBULAE; PHOTOLYSIS; PHOTONS; SHOCK WAVES; SPACE; STAR CLUSTERS; STARS; TELESCOPES; ULTRAVIOLET RADIATION