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Title: Study on the triggering process of solar flares based on Hinode/SOT observations

We investigated four major solar flare events that occurred in active regions NOAA 10930 (2006 December 13 and 14) and NOAA 11158 (2011 February 13 and 15) by using data observed by the Solar Optical Telescope on board the Hinode satellite. To reveal the trigger mechanism of solar flares, we analyzed the spatio-temporal correlation between the detailed magnetic field structure and the emission image of the Ca II H line at the central part of flaring regions for several hours prior to the onset of the flares. In all the flare events, we observed that the magnetic shear angle in the flaring regions exceeded 70°, as well as that characteristic magnetic disturbances developed at the centers of flaring regions in the pre-flare phase. These magnetic disturbances can be classified into two groups depending on the structure of their magnetic polarity inversion lines; the so-called opposite-polarity and reversed-shear magnetic field recently proposed by our group, although the magnetic disturbance in one event of the four samples is too subtle to clearly recognize the detailed structure. The result suggests that some major solar flares are triggered by rather small magnetic disturbances. We also show that the critical size of the flare-trigger fieldmore » varies among flare events and briefly discuss how the flare-trigger process depends on the evolution of active regions.« less
Authors:
; ;  [1] ;  [2]
  1. Solar-Terrestrial Environment Laboratory, Nagoya University, Furo-cho, Chikusa-ku, Nagoya, Aichi 464-8601 (Japan)
  2. ISAS/JAXA, Sagamihara, Kanagawa 252-5210 (Japan)
Publication Date:
OSTI Identifier:
22342012
Resource Type:
Journal Article
Resource Relation:
Journal Name: Astrophysical Journal; Journal Volume: 778; Journal Issue: 1; Other Information: Country of input: International Atomic Energy Agency (IAEA)
Country of Publication:
United States
Language:
English
Subject:
79 ASTROPHYSICS, COSMOLOGY AND ASTRONOMY; CORRELATIONS; CRITICAL SIZE; DISTURBANCES; EMISSION; EVOLUTION; IMAGES; MAGNETIC FIELDS; REVERSED SHEAR; SATELLITES; SOLAR FLARES; SUN; TELESCOPES