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Title: Superorbital periodic modulation in wind-accretion high-mass X-ray binaries from swift burst alert telescope observations

We report the discovery using data from the Swift-Burst Alert Telescope (BAT) of superorbital modulation in the wind-accretion supergiant high-mass X-ray binaries 4U 1909+07 (= X 1908+075), IGR J16418–4532, and IGR J16479–4514. Together with already known superorbital periodicities in 2S 0114+650 and IGR J16493–4348, the systems exhibit a monotonic relationship between superorbital and orbital periods. These systems include both supergiant fast X-ray transients and classical supergiant systems, and have a range of inclination angles. This suggests an underlying physical mechanism which is connected to the orbital period. In addition to these sources with clear detections of superorbital periods, IGR J16393–4643 (= AX J16390.4–4642) is identified as a system that may have superorbital modulation due to the coincidence of low-amplitude peaks in power spectra derived from BAT, Rossi X-Ray Timing Explorer Proportional Counter Array, and International Gamma-Ray Astrophysics Laboratory light curves. 1E 1145.1–6141 may also be worthy of further attention due to the amount of low-frequency modulation of its light curve. However, we find that the presence of superorbital modulation is not a universal feature of wind-accretion supergiant X-ray binaries.
Authors:
 [1] ;  [2]
  1. University of Maryland, Baltimore County, Baltimore, MD 21250 (United States)
  2. Universities Space Research Association, 10211 Wincopin Circle, Suite 500, Columbia, MD 21044 (United States)
Publication Date:
OSTI Identifier:
22342009
Resource Type:
Journal Article
Resource Relation:
Journal Name: Astrophysical Journal; Journal Volume: 778; Journal Issue: 1; Other Information: Country of input: International Atomic Energy Agency (IAEA)
Country of Publication:
United States
Language:
English
Subject:
79 ASTROPHYSICS, COSMOLOGY AND ASTRONOMY; AMPLITUDES; ASTROPHYSICS; BINARY STARS; COSMIC X-RAY SOURCES; DETECTION; FREQUENCY MODULATION; GAMMA RADIATION; INCLINATION; MASS; NEUTRONS; PERIODICITY; PROPORTIONAL COUNTERS; SPECTRA; STARS; TELESCOPES; VISIBLE RADIATION; X RADIATION