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Title: Grain destruction in a supernova remnant shock wave

Dust grains are sputtered away in the hot gas behind shock fronts in supernova remnants (SNRs), gradually enriching the gas phase with refractory elements. We have measured emission in C IV λ1550 from C atoms sputtered from dust in the gas behind a non-radiative shock wave in the northern Cygnus Loop. Overall, the intensity observed behind the shock agrees approximately with predictions from model calculations that match the Spitzer 24 μm and the X-ray intensity profiles. Thus, these observations confirm the overall picture of dust destruction in SNR shocks and the sputtering rates used in models. However, there is a discrepancy in that the C IV intensity 10'' behind the shock is too high compared with the intensities at the shock and 25'' behind it. Variations in the density, hydrogen neutral fraction, and the dust properties over parsec scales in the pre-shock medium limit our ability to test dust destruction models in detail.
Authors:
;  [1] ;  [2] ;  [3] ;  [4] ;  [5] ;  [6]
  1. Harvard-Smithsonian Center for Astrophysics, 60 Garden Street, Cambridge, MA 02138 (United States)
  2. Department of Physics, Astronomy and Geosciences, Towson University, Towson, MD 21252 (United States)
  3. NASA Goddard Space Flight Center, Greenbelt, MD 20771 (United States)
  4. Department of Physics and Astronomy, Johns Hopkins University, 3400 North Charles Street, Baltimore, MD 21218 (United States)
  5. Department of Physics, North Carolina State University, Raleigh, NC 27695 (United States)
  6. SOFIA Science Center, NASA Ames Research Center, M/S 232-12, Moffett Field, CA 94035 (United States)
Publication Date:
OSTI Identifier:
22341891
Resource Type:
Journal Article
Resource Relation:
Journal Name: Astrophysical Journal; Journal Volume: 778; Journal Issue: 2; Other Information: Country of input: International Atomic Energy Agency (IAEA)
Country of Publication:
United States
Language:
English
Subject:
79 ASTROPHYSICS, COSMOLOGY AND ASTRONOMY; APPROXIMATIONS; ATOMS; COMPARATIVE EVALUATIONS; DENSITY; DUSTS; EMISSION; FORECASTING; HYDROGEN; REFRACTORIES; SHOCK WAVES; SPUTTERING; SUPERNOVA REMNANTS; ULTRAVIOLET RADIATION; X RADIATION