skip to main content

SciTech ConnectSciTech Connect

Title: Application of E{sub h}-pH diagram for room temperature precipitation of zinc stannate microcubes in an aqueous media

Graphical abstract: - Highlights: • One pot aqueous synthesis of zinc stannate (ZnSnO{sub 3}) particles at low temperature. • Synthesis designed with the assistance of potential-pH diagram. • ZnSnO{sub 3} estimated to be stable between pH 8 and 12 was used for synthesis of the particles. • ZnSnO{sub 3}·3H{sub 2}O were formed during the precipitation of zinc stannate. - Abstract: Potential-pH diagram assisted-design for controlled precipitation is an attractive method to obtain engineered binary and ternary oxide particles. Aqueous synthesis conditions of zinc stannate (ZnSnO{sub 3}) particles at low temperature were formulated with the assistance of potential-pH diagram. The pH of a solution containing stoichiometric amounts of Zn{sup 2+} and Sn{sup 4+} was controlled for the precipitation in a one pot synthesis step at room temperature (25 °C). The effect of the concentration of the reactants on the particle size was studied by varying the concentration of the precursor (Zn{sup 2+} + Sn{sup 4+}) solution. Scanning electron micrographs show that the particles are monodispersed micron sized cubes formed by the self-organization of nano-sized crystallites. The obtained microcubes characterized by X-ray Diffraction and thermo gravimetric analysis (TGA) show that the particles are in ZnSnO{sub 3}·3H{sub 2}O form.
Authors:
 [1] ;  [1] ;  [2] ;  [3]
  1. Department of Chemistry, College of Science, Sultan Qaboos University, 123, Alkhoud (Oman)
  2. (Oman)
  3. Water Research Center, Sultan Qaboos University, 123, Alkhoud (Oman)
Publication Date:
OSTI Identifier:
22341872
Resource Type:
Journal Article
Resource Relation:
Journal Name: Materials Research Bulletin; Journal Volume: 49; Other Information: Copyright (c) 2013 Elsevier Science B.V., Amsterdam, The Netherlands, All rights reserved.; Country of input: International Atomic Energy Agency (IAEA)
Country of Publication:
United States
Language:
English
Subject:
36 MATERIALS SCIENCE; 37 INORGANIC, ORGANIC, PHYSICAL AND ANALYTICAL CHEMISTRY; 77 NANOSCIENCE AND NANOTECHNOLOGY; MICROSTRUCTURE; NANOSTRUCTURES; OXIDES; PARTICLE SIZE; PARTICLES; PRECIPITATION; SOLUTIONS; SYNTHESIS; THERMAL GRAVIMETRIC ANALYSIS; TIN IONS; X-RAY DIFFRACTION; ZINC; ZINC IONS