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Title: Comparison of structural and electrical properties of Co{sup 2+}doped Mn-Zn soft nano ferrites prepared via coprecipitation and hydrothermal methods

Graphical abstract: - Highlights: • Coprecipitation and hydrothermal synthesis of Co{sup 2+} doped Mn-Zn ferrites. • Dielectric measurements at 3 MHz and 1 GHz frequencies. • Enhanced DC electrical resistivity for samples prepared from hydrothermal technique. • Impedance studies for the prepared samples showing major contribution due to grains. - Abstract: A series of Co doped Mn-Zn ferrites compounds with the formula Mn{sub 0.5}Zn{sub 0.5−x}Co{sub x}Fe{sub 2}O{sub 4} (x = 0, 0.15, 0.25, 0.35 and 0.50) were successfully synthesized by polyethylene glycol-assisted coprecipitation and hydrothermal methods. The structural characterization of the samples was done using X-ray diffraction (XRD), scanning electron microscopy (SEM), atomic force microscopy (AFM) and Fourier transform infrared spectroscopy (FTIR). All the samples found to have cubic spinel structure. The average crystallite size of all nanoparticles were estimated using Scherrer's formula and found to lie between 10 and 25 ± 3 nm with small size distribution of particles prepared by hydrothermal method. The FTIR spectrum showed two absorption bands of tetrahedral and octahedral metal-oxygen sites. DC electrical resistivity varied from 4.12 × 10{sup 7} to 8.32 × 10{sup 10} ohm cm with cobalt doping. The dielectric measurements were performed from 20 Hz to 3 MHz and from 1more » MHz to 1 GHz frequency ranges. The value of dielectric constant (ε′) varies from 15.54 to 106.25 (1 MHz) and 6.73–16.48 (1 GHz) for all the samples at room temperature. Impedance spectroscopy was carried out from 20 Hz to 3 MHz, at room temperature to study the grains and grain boundaries effect.« less
Authors:
 [1] ;  [2]
  1. Thermal Transport Laboratory, Materials Engineering Department, School of Chemical and Materials Engineering (SCME), National University of Sciences and Technology, H-12, Islamabad (Pakistan)
  2. Centre for Emerging Sciences, Engineering and Technology (CESET), I-10/3, Islamabad (Pakistan)
Publication Date:
OSTI Identifier:
22341852
Resource Type:
Journal Article
Resource Relation:
Journal Name: Materials Research Bulletin; Journal Volume: 49; Other Information: Copyright (c) 2013 Elsevier Science B.V., Amsterdam, The Netherlands, All rights reserved.; Country of input: International Atomic Energy Agency (IAEA)
Country of Publication:
United States
Language:
English
Subject:
36 MATERIALS SCIENCE; 77 NANOSCIENCE AND NANOTECHNOLOGY; ABSORPTION; ATOMIC FORCE MICROSCOPY; COBALT IONS; DIELECTRIC MATERIALS; DOPED MATERIALS; ELECTRIC CONDUCTIVITY; FERRITE; FERRITES; FOURIER TRANSFORM SPECTROMETERS; FOURIER TRANSFORMATION; GRAIN BOUNDARIES; HYDROTHERMAL SYNTHESIS; INFRARED SPECTRA; MHZ RANGE; NANOPARTICLES; PERMITTIVITY; POLYETHYLENE GLYCOLS; SCANNING ELECTRON MICROSCOPY; SPECTROSCOPY; X-RAY DIFFRACTION