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Title: One-step hydrothermal synthesis and characterization of V–Cr–O nanospheres and their excellent performance in the ammoxidation of 3,4- and 2,6-DCT

Graphical abstract: - Highlights: • V–Cr–O composite was synthesized by a facile one pot hydrothermal route. • The V–Cr–O composite has sphere-like morphology. • The as-obtained V–Cr–O composite has large specific surface area: 117 m{sup 2} g{sup −1}. • V–Cr–O complex was explored as the catalyst for the ammoxidation. - Abstract: Sphere-like V–Cr–O catalyst was successfully synthesized using V{sub 2}O{sub 5}, CrO{sub 3} and H{sub 2}C{sub 2}O{sub 4} solution as the starting materials by a facile one pot hydrothermal approach for the first time. The as-obtained samples were characterized by X-ray powder diffraction, X-ray photoelectron spectroscopy, energy dispersive X-ray spectrometer, hydrogen temperature programmed reduction, scanning electron microscopy and Brunauer–Emmett–Teller. The results indicated that V–Cr–O spheres with the diameter about 4 μm, consisted of lots of nanoparticles, were formed. The as-obtained V–Cr–O catalyst had large specific surface area: 117 m{sup 2} g{sup −1}. Furthermore, V–Cr–O complex was explored as the unsupported catalyst for the synthesis of 3,4- and 2,6-dichlorobenzonitrile by the ammoxidation of 3,4- and 2,6-dichlorotoluene. It was found that it had excellent performance in the ammoxidation reactions, specially, the catalytic temperature was decreased to about 320 °C, which was much lower than the previous reports (380–420 °C)
Authors:
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Publication Date:
OSTI Identifier:
22341805
Resource Type:
Journal Article
Resource Relation:
Journal Name: Materials Research Bulletin; Journal Volume: 48; Journal Issue: 9; Other Information: Copyright (c) 2013 Elsevier Science B.V., Amsterdam, The Netherlands, All rights reserved.; Country of input: International Atomic Energy Agency (IAEA)
Country of Publication:
United States
Language:
English
Subject:
36 MATERIALS SCIENCE; 37 INORGANIC, ORGANIC, PHYSICAL AND ANALYTICAL CHEMISTRY; 77 NANOSCIENCE AND NANOTECHNOLOGY; CATALYSTS; CHROMATES; CHROMIUM OXIDES; HYDROGEN; HYDROTHERMAL SYNTHESIS; NANOPARTICLES; NANOSTRUCTURES; SCANNING ELECTRON MICROSCOPY; SPECIFIC SURFACE AREA; VANADATES; VANADIUM OXIDES; X-RAY DIFFRACTION; X-RAY PHOTOELECTRON SPECTROSCOPY; X-RAY SPECTROMETERS