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Title: Preparation and supercapacitor application of the single crystal nickel hydroxide and oxide nanosheets

Graphical abstract: The nickel hydroxide and nickel oxide nanosheets prepared using CTAB at room temperature exhibit a high specific capacitance, prompt charge/discharge rate. - Highlights: • The nickel hydroxide nanosheets were prepared using CTAB at room temperature. • Ni(OH){sub 2} nanosheet can be successfully converted to NiO nanosheet via calcination. • The NiO nanosheet has a specific capacitance of 388 F g{sup −1} at 5 A g{sup −1} in KOH solution. • Anneal temperature impacts capacitive properties as electrode. - Abstract: The single crystalline Ni(OH){sub 2} nanosheets were synthesized by a simple chemical precipitation method using nickel chloride as precursors and ammonia as precipitating agent. The Ni(OH){sub 2} nanosheets were successfully converted to NiO nanosheets via calcination under appropriate conditions. Analytical methods such as X-ray diffraction (XRD) spectra, scanning electron microscopy (SEM), transmission electron microscopy (TEM), high-resolution TEM (HRTEM), and Fourier transformed infrared (FTIR) spectra were employed to characterize the morphology and microstructure of the final products. The experimental results revealed that Ni(OH){sub 2} nanosheets were shape-preserved transformed to NiO nanosheets at 250 °C for 24 h. Ni(OH){sub 2} and NiO nanosheets were directly functionalized as supercapacitor electrodes for potential energy storage applications, whose charge–discharge properties, electrochemical impedance spectra, cyclicmore » voltammetry, and cycle performance were examined. The experimental results show that the single-crystalline NiO nanosheets are a promising candidate for the supercapacitor electrode. They exhibit a high specific capacitance, prompt charge/discharge rate.« less
Authors:
 [1] ;  [2] ; ;  [1] ;  [3] ;  [1] ;  [2] ;  [1]
  1. Department of Materials Science and Engineering, Yunnan University, 650091 Kunming (China)
  2. Institute of Materials Science and Engineering, University of Science and Technology Beijing, 100083 Beijing (China)
  3. Advanced Analysis and Measurement Center, Yunnan University, 650091 Kunming (China)
Publication Date:
OSTI Identifier:
22341793
Resource Type:
Journal Article
Resource Relation:
Journal Name: Materials Research Bulletin; Journal Volume: 48; Journal Issue: 9; Other Information: Copyright (c) 2013 Elsevier Science B.V., Amsterdam, The Netherlands, All rights reserved.; Country of input: International Atomic Energy Agency (IAEA)
Country of Publication:
United States
Language:
English
Subject:
36 MATERIALS SCIENCE; 37 INORGANIC, ORGANIC, PHYSICAL AND ANALYTICAL CHEMISTRY; 77 NANOSCIENCE AND NANOTECHNOLOGY; AMMONIA; FOURIER TRANSFORMATION; INFRARED SPECTRA; MICROSTRUCTURE; MONOCRYSTALS; NANOSTRUCTURES; NICKEL HYDROXIDES; NICKEL OXIDES; PRECIPITATION; SCANNING ELECTRON MICROSCOPY; SYNTHESIS; TRANSMISSION ELECTRON MICROSCOPY; VOLTAMETRY; X-RAY DIFFRACTION