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Title: Comparisons of short carbon nanotubes containing conductive additives of cathode for lithium ion batteries

Graphical abstract: - Highlights: • Short carbon nanotubes (SCNT) containing conductive additives were used. • SCNT/graphite powder (GP) mixture is better than SCNT/mesoporous carbon mixture. • SCNT connect many isolated GP particles to form a more valid conductive network. • SCNT absorb some electrolyte solution allowing quick electrochemical reactions. - Abstract: Short carbon nanotubes (SCNT) containing conductive additives, i.e. SCNT/graphite powder (GP) mixture (SCNTGP) and SCNT/mesoporous carbon (MC) mixture (SCNTMC) were employed as conductive additives for LiCoO{sub 2} cathode. GP and MC have similar particle size, but GP has lower specific surface area and higher electronic conductivity. Electrochemical measurements indicate that SCNTGP is more effective in improving the electrochemical performance of LiCoO{sub 2} composite cathode under the same conditions. The reason is described as follows. SCNT connect the isolated GP particles to form a more valid conductive network. In addition, SCNT has a certain specific mesoporous surface area, which can absorb some electrolyte solution and then provide buffer lithium ions for quick electrochemical reactions. Consequently, the combination of these two factors would be responsible to the improvement in the electrochemical performance of the SCNTGP loaded cathode.
Authors:
 [1] ;  [2] ; ; ;  [3] ;  [1] ;  [3] ; ;  [4]
  1. School of Petrochemical Engineering, Lanzhou University of Technology, Lanzhou 730050 (China)
  2. (China)
  3. School of Material Science and Engineering, Lanzhou University of Technology, Lanzhou 730050 (China)
  4. Chengdu Institute of Organic Chemistry, Chinese Academy of Science, Chengdu 610041 (China)
Publication Date:
OSTI Identifier:
22341726
Resource Type:
Journal Article
Resource Relation:
Journal Name: Materials Research Bulletin; Journal Volume: 48; Journal Issue: 8; Other Information: Copyright (c) 2013 Elsevier Science B.V., Amsterdam, The Netherlands, All rights reserved.; Country of input: International Atomic Energy Agency (IAEA)
Country of Publication:
United States
Language:
English
Subject:
36 MATERIALS SCIENCE; 77 NANOSCIENCE AND NANOTECHNOLOGY; CARBON NANOTUBES; CATHODES; ELECTROLYTES; GRAPHITE; LITHIUM ION BATTERIES; LITHIUM IONS; PARTICLE SIZE; PARTICLES; SOLUTIONS; SURFACE AREA