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Title: Interfacial characterization of alumina-to-alumina joints fabricated using silver–copper–titanium interlayers

Two Ag–Cu–Ti interlayers with different compositions (Ag–35.3Cu–1.75Ti and Ag–26.7Cu–4.5Ti) were used to join sintered polycrystalline Al{sub 2}O{sub 3} having different amounts of porosity to investigate the effect of titanium and porosity contents on evolution of interfacial chemistry and microstructures. X-ray diffraction (XRD), scanning electron microscopy (SEM), transmission electron microscopy (TEM), and energy dispersive spectroscopy (EDS) were used to characterize the interfacial microstructure. Two reaction layers, Ti{sub 2}O and Cu{sub 3}Ti{sub 3}O, were found at the interface of Ag–Cu–Ti interlayers and Al{sub 2}O{sub 3} using a series of simulated and experimental selected area diffraction patterns (SADP) of TEM and EDS. The total thickness of Ti{sub 2}O and Cu{sub 3}Ti{sub 3}O reaction layers at the interfaces increases with increasing amounts of Ti in the Ag–Cu–Ti interlayers but is independent of the porosity content in the Al{sub 2}O{sub 3}. Two possible formation mechanisms of Ti{sub 2}O and Cu{sub 3}Ti{sub 3}O reaction layers at the interface of Ag–Cu–Ti interlayers and Al{sub 2}O{sub 3} have been proposed based on the interfacial characterization performed in the present study. - Highlights: • Effect of alumina porosity and % Ti in interlayer on interface structure delineated • SEM, EDS, XRD, TEM with SADP used to delineate phases, compositions,more » crystallography • Ti{sub 2}O and Cu{sub 3}Ti{sub 3}O reaction layers identified and their formation mechanisms proposed.« less
Authors:
 [1] ;  [2] ;  [3]
  1. National Nano Device Laboratories, Hsinchu 300, Taiwan (China)
  2. Ohio Aerospace Institute, Cleveland, OH 44142 (United States)
  3. Engineering and Technology Department, University of Wisconsin-Stout, Menomonie, WI 54751 (United States)
Publication Date:
OSTI Identifier:
22340346
Resource Type:
Journal Article
Resource Relation:
Journal Name: Materials Characterization; Journal Volume: 90; Other Information: Copyright (c) 2014 Elsevier Science B.V., Amsterdam, The Netherlands, All rights reserved.; Country of input: International Atomic Energy Agency (IAEA)
Country of Publication:
United States
Language:
English
Subject:
36 MATERIALS SCIENCE; 37 INORGANIC, ORGANIC, PHYSICAL AND ANALYTICAL CHEMISTRY; ALUMINIUM OXIDES; COPPER; CRYSTALLOGRAPHY; INTERFACES; MICROSTRUCTURE; POLYCRYSTALS; POROSITY; SCANNING ELECTRON MICROSCOPY; SILVER; SIMULATION; SPECTROSCOPY; THICKNESS; TITANIUM; TRANSMISSION ELECTRON MICROSCOPY; X-RAY DIFFRACTION