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Title: Magnetic properties of pseudo-ideal cubic La{sub 0.6−x}Ca{sub x}Ba{sub 0.4}CoO{sub 3} with hole doping

The La{sub 0.6−x}Ca{sub x}Ba{sub 0.4}CoO{sub 3} (x=0.03, 0.04, 0.05, 0.075, 0.1 and 0.15) compounds are synthesized. The cubic La{sub 0.6}Ba{sub 0.4}CoO{sub 3} has the strongest ferromagnetic (FM) double exchange interaction among all the La–Ba–Co–O compounds due to the straight Co–O–Co bond. The variation of the lattice parameter versus the calcium content exhibits a non-linear dependence and has the lowest value at x=0.05. In La{sub 0.6−x}Ca{sub x}Ba{sub 0.4}CoO{sub 3} compounds with x≤0.05, the magnetic frustration is observed below about 190 K, and the substitution of Ca{sup 2+} for La{sup 3+} enhances the FM interaction due to the increasing double exchange through Co{sup 3+}–O{sup 2−}–Co{sup 4+} bond. The analysis based on the measured magnetization at 50 kOe and the calculated value indicates that Co{sup 3+} ions are almost equally distributed at the low spin state and the intermediate spin state, and the Co{sup 4+} ions are at the low spin state. La{sub 0.55}Ca{sub 0.05}Ba{sub 0.4}CoO{sub 3} has the lowest coercivity. As the composition deviates from x=0.05, the coercivity is enhanced. For the samples with θ{sub CW}, the substitution of Ca{sup 2+} ions enhances the antiferromagnetic (AFM) interaction, and it is strong enough to make the long range AFM interaction appear. The percentagemore » of the FM domains is calculated, and it decreases very quickly with the Ca{sup 2+} content x≥0.05. The sample with x=0.15 is mostly composed of AFM domains, and its AFM–FM transition temperature is 120 K. Another FM interaction with a low magnetic moment at the low temperature is also observed. - Graphical abstract: The thermal magnetization at 200 Oe at the ZFC and the FC states. - Highlights: • We studied the hole doping on the magnetic properties of La{sub 0.6−x}Ca{sub x}Ba{sub 0.4}CoO{sub 3}. • With x≤0.05, Ca{sup 2+} enhances the ferromagnetic interaction. • With θ{sub CW}, Ca{sup 2+} induces long range antiferromagnetic interaction. x=0.15 is mostly AFM. • Co{sup 3+} ions are equally distributed at LS and IS state, and Co{sup 4+} are at LS state. • We analyzed the development of the magnetic interaction with the doping Ca{sup 2+}.« less
Authors:
 [1] ;  [2] ; ;  [1] ;  [2]
  1. School of Physics, Inner Mongolia University, Hohhot 010021 (China)
  2. (China)
Publication Date:
OSTI Identifier:
22334288
Resource Type:
Journal Article
Resource Relation:
Journal Name: Journal of Solid State Chemistry; Journal Volume: 215; Other Information: Copyright (c) 2014 Elsevier Science B.V., Amsterdam, The Netherlands, All rights reserved.; Country of input: International Atomic Energy Agency (IAEA)
Country of Publication:
United States
Language:
English
Subject:
75 CONDENSED MATTER PHYSICS, SUPERCONDUCTIVITY AND SUPERFLUIDITY; 37 INORGANIC, ORGANIC, PHYSICAL AND ANALYTICAL CHEMISTRY; ANTIFERROMAGNETISM; ATOMIC FORCE MICROSCOPY; CALCIUM IONS; COBALT IONS; COERCIVE FORCE; EXCHANGE INTERACTIONS; LANTHANUM IONS; LATTICE PARAMETERS; MAGNETIC MOMENTS; MAGNETIC PROPERTIES; MAGNETIZATION; PEROVSKITE; SPIN; TRANSITION TEMPERATURE