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Title: Structural and magnetic characterization of La{sub 0.8}Sr{sub 0.2}MnO{sub 3} nanoparticles prepared via a facile microwave-assisted method

Nanoparticles of La{sub 0.8}Sr{sub 0.2}MnO{sub 3} (LSMO) with different particle sizes are synthesized by a very fast, inexpensive, reproducible, and environmentally friendly method: the microwave irradiation of the corresponding mixture of nitrates. The structural and magnetic properties of the samples are investigated by the X-Ray diffraction (XRD), Fourier transform infra-red (FT-IR) spectroscopy, field-emission scanning electron microscopy (FE-SEM), transmission electron microscopy (TEM), and magnetic (DC magnetization and AC susceptibility) measurements. The XRD study coupled with the Rietveld refinement show that all samples crystallize in a rhombohedral structure with the space group of R−3C. The FT-IR spectroscopy and FE-SEM images indicate formation of the perovskite structure of LSMO. The DC magnetization measurements confirm the decrease in the particle size effects on the magnetic properties, e.g. reduction in the ferromagnetic (FM) moment and increase in the surface spin disorder. Magnetic dynamics of the samples studied by AC magnetic susceptibility shows that the magnetic behavior of the nanometer-sized samples is well-described by the Vogel-Fulcher and critical slowing down laws. Strong interaction between magnetic nanoparticles of LSMO was detected by fitting the experimental data with the mentioned models. - Graphical abstract: Temperature dependence of the magnetization M(T) was measured in the zero-field-cooling (ZFC) and field-coolingmore » (FC) modes at the applied magnetic field of 100 Oe for the La{sub 0.8}Sr{sub 0.2}MnO{sub 3} with different size prepared via a facile microwave-assisted method. - Highlights: • Nanoparticles of La{sub 0.8}Sr{sub 0.2}MnO{sub 3} were synthesized by the microwave irradiation process. • The structural studies show that all samples crystallize in a rhombohedral structure with space group of R−3C. • The DC magnetic studies confirm tuning of the magnetic properties due to the particle size effects. • Magnetic dynamic studied by AC magnetic susceptibility indicate strong interaction between magnetic nanoparticles.« less
Authors:
 [1] ;  [1] ;  [2] ;  [3]
  1. Department of Physics, Shahrood University, P.O. Box 36155-316, Shahrood (Iran, Islamic Republic of)
  2. Department of Physics, Semnan University, P.O. Box 35195-363, Semnan (Iran, Islamic Republic of)
  3. Department of Physics, Isfahan University of Technology, Isfahan 84156-83111 (Iran, Islamic Republic of)
Publication Date:
OSTI Identifier:
22334253
Resource Type:
Journal Article
Resource Relation:
Journal Name: Journal of Solid State Chemistry; Journal Volume: 215; Other Information: Copyright (c) 2014 Elsevier Science B.V., Amsterdam, The Netherlands, All rights reserved.; Country of input: International Atomic Energy Agency (IAEA)
Country of Publication:
United States
Language:
English
Subject:
37 INORGANIC, ORGANIC, PHYSICAL AND ANALYTICAL CHEMISTRY; FIELD EMISSION; FOURIER TRANSFORMATION; INFRARED SPECTRA; IRRADIATION; MAGNETIC SUSCEPTIBILITY; MAGNETIZATION; MICROWAVE RADIATION; MIXTURES; NANOPARTICLES; PARAMAGNETISM; PARTICLE SIZE; PEROVSKITE; SCANNING ELECTRON MICROSCOPY; SPACE GROUPS; SPIN GLASS STATE; STRONG INTERACTIONS; TEMPERATURE DEPENDENCE; TRANSMISSION ELECTRON MICROSCOPY; TRIGONAL LATTICES; X-RAY DIFFRACTION