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Title: Homoepitaxy of ZnO and MgZnO Films at 90 °C

The aqueous synthesis of uniform single crystalline homoepitaxial zinc oxide, ZnO, and magnesium zinc oxide, Mg{sub x}Zn{sub 1−x}O, films under very low temperature conditions at T=90 °C and ambient pressure has been explored. A maximum Mg content of 1 mol% was recorded by energy dispersive spectroscopy. The growth on the polar (0 0 0 1) and (0 0 0 1¯) faces resulted in films that are strongly different in their structural and optical quality as evidenced by high-resolution X-ray diffraction, secondary electron microscopy, and photoluminescence. This is a result of the chemistry and temperature of the solution dictating the stability range of growth-governing metastable species. The use of trisodium citrate, Na{sub 3}C{sub 6}H{sub 5}O{sub 7}, yielded coalesced, mirror-like homoepitaxial films whereas adding magnesium nitrate hexahydrate, Mg(NO{sub 3}){sub 2}·6H{sub 2}O, favors the growth of films with pronounced faceting. - Graphical abstract: Homoepitaxial ZnO films grown from aqueous solution below boiling point of water on a ZnO substrate with off-orientation reveal parallel grooves that are characterized by (1 0 1{sup ¯} 1) facets. Adding trisodium citrate yields closed, single-crystalline ZnO films, which can further be functionalized. Alloying with MgO yields MgZnO films with low Mg content only. - Highlights: • A simplemore » method to synthesize uniform single crystalline homoepitaxial ZnO and MgZnO films. • ZnO growth on (0 0 0 1) and (0 0 0 1{sup ¯}) face resulted in films that are strongly different in their structural and optical quality. • Single crystalline MgZnO film was fabricated under mild conditions (90 °C and ambient pressure). • Mg incorporation of nearly 1 mol% was obtained while maintaining single phase wurtzite structure.« less
Authors:
 [1] ;  [2] ;  [3] ; ;  [2] ;  [1] ;  [4] ; ;  [5]
  1. WPI-AIMR World Premier International Research Center—Advanced Institute for Materials Research (WPI-AIMR), Tohoku University, 2-1-1 Katahira, Aoba-ku, Sendai 980-85 (Japan)
  2. IMRE Institute of Materials Research and Engineering (IMRE), Agency for Science, Technology and Research, 3 Research Link, Singapore 117602 (Singapore)
  3. CIR Center for Interdisciplinary Research (CIR), Tohoku University, 6-3 Aramaki Aza Aoba, Aoba-ku, Sendai 980-8578 (Japan)
  4. Daishinku Corporation Daishinku Corp., 2082 Maesaka, Kurodasho-cho, Nishiwaki, Hyogo 679-0303 (Japan)
  5. IMR Institute for Materials Research (IMR), Tohoku University 2-1-1 Katahira, Aoba-ku, Sendai 980-8577 (Japan)
Publication Date:
OSTI Identifier:
22334250
Resource Type:
Journal Article
Resource Relation:
Journal Name: Journal of Solid State Chemistry; Journal Volume: 214; Conference: 7. international conference on materials for advanced technologies, Singapore (Singapore), 30 Jun - 5 Jul 2013; Other Information: Copyright (c) 2013 Elsevier Science B.V., Amsterdam, The Netherlands, All rights reserved.; Country of input: International Atomic Energy Agency (IAEA)
Country of Publication:
United States
Language:
English
Subject:
37 INORGANIC, ORGANIC, PHYSICAL AND ANALYTICAL CHEMISTRY; AQUEOUS SOLUTIONS; DEPOSITION; ELECTRON MICROSCOPY; FILMS; MAGNESIUM; MAGNESIUM NITRATES; MAGNESIUM OXIDES; MONOCRYSTALS; PHOTOLUMINESCENCE; SPECTROSCOPY; SUBSTRATES; SYNTHESIS; X-RAY DIFFRACTION; ZINC OXIDES