skip to main content

SciTech ConnectSciTech Connect

Title: Fabrication of p-type porous silicon nanowire with oxidized silicon substrate through one-step MACE

In this paper, the simple pre-oxidization process is firstly used to treat the starting silicon wafer, and then MPSiNWs are successfully fabricated from the moderately doped wafer by one-step MACE technology in HF/AgNO{sub 3} system. The PL spectrum of MPSiNWs obtained from the oxidized silicon wafers show a large blue-shift, which can be attributed to the deep Q. C. effect induced by numerous mesoporous structures. The effects of HF and AgNO{sub 3} concentration on formation of SiNWs were carefully investigated. The results indicate that the higher HF concentration is favorable to the growth of SiNWs, and the density of SiNWs is significantly reduced when Ag{sup +} ions concentrations are too high. The deposition behaviors of Ag{sup +} ions on oxidized and unoxidized silicon surface were studied. According to the experimental results, a model was proposed to explain the formation mechanism of porous SiNWs by etching the oxidized starting silicon. - Graphical abstract: Schematic cross-sectional views of PSiNWs array formation by etching oxidized silicon wafer in HF/AgNO{sub 3} solution. (A) At the starting point; (B) during the etching process; and (C) after Ag dendrites remove. - Highlights: • Prior to etching, a simple pre-oxidation is firstly used to treat silicon substrate.more » • The medially doped p-type MPSiNWs are prepared by one-step MACE. • Deposition behaviors of Ag{sup +} ions on oxidized and unoxidized silicon are studied. • A model is finally proposed to explain the formation mechanism of PSiNWs.« less
Authors:
 [1] ;  [2] ;  [1] ;  [2] ;  [1] ;  [2] ; ;  [3] ;  [1] ;  [2] ;  [4] ;  [1] ;  [2]
  1. State Key Laboratory of Complex Nonferrous Metal Resources Clean Utilization, Silicon Metallurgy and Silicon Material Engineering Research Center of Universities in Yunnan Province, Kunming 650093 (China)
  2. (China)
  3. Faculty of Physical Science and Technology, Yunnan University, Kunming 650091 (China)
  4. Faculty of Metallurgical and Energy Engineering, Kunming University of Science and Technology, Kunming 650093 (China)
Publication Date:
OSTI Identifier:
22334228
Resource Type:
Journal Article
Resource Relation:
Journal Name: Journal of Solid State Chemistry; Journal Volume: 213; Other Information: Copyright (c) 2014 Elsevier Science B.V., Amsterdam, The Netherlands, All rights reserved.; Country of input: International Atomic Energy Agency (IAEA)
Country of Publication:
United States
Language:
English
Subject:
37 INORGANIC, ORGANIC, PHYSICAL AND ANALYTICAL CHEMISTRY; 77 NANOSCIENCE AND NANOTECHNOLOGY; DENSITY; DEPOSITION; DOPED MATERIALS; FABRICATION; NANOWIRES; OXIDATION; SILICON; SILVER IONS; SILVER NITRATES; SPECTRA; SUBSTRATES