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Title: Structural study of Ca{sub 2}Gd{sub 2}Ge{sub 2}O{sub 9} and optical spectroscopy of the Eu{sup 3+} dopant ion

The new rare earth-based germanate compound Ca{sub 2}Gd{sub 2}Ge{sub 2}O{sub 9} (orthorhombic (Pnma) crystal structure), has been characterized and investigated for the first time, using synchrotron powder X-ray diffraction. From Rietveld refinement calculations on the collected powder pattern we observe an inhomogeneous distribution of the two available cationic sites by Gd{sup 3+} and Ca{sup 2+} ions. In particular, the former prefers the occupation (67.5%) of the site with 8-fold coordination. In addition, we observed a not negligible degree of distortion of the Ge{sub 2}O{sub 7}{sup 6−} unit. Finally, luminescence spectra and decay curves of Eu{sup 3+} doped Ca{sub 2}Gd{sub 2}Ge{sub 2}O{sub 9} were measured and analysed taking into account the structural features of the host. The results reveal that this material shows strong red luminescence upon excitation in the region where blue LEDs emit (470 nm). - Graphical abstract: The structural study on Ca{sub 2}Gd{sub 2}Ge{sub 2}O{sub 9} exploiting synchrotron X-ray diffraction, allows us to determine the detailed geometry of the metal coordination polyhedra, which is closely related to the emission luminescence spectroscopy of the Eu{sup 3+} dopant ion introduced as impurity in this host. - Highlights: • The crystal structure of the Ca{sub 2}Gd{sub 2}Ge{sub 2}O{sub 9} was determined.more » • Gd{sup 3+} ion is distributed on two crystal sites with different occupation. • A structural study focused on the metal coordination polyhedra was performed. • Two emitting sites are detected for Eu{sup 3+} dopant ion in Ca{sub 2}Gd{sub 2}Ge{sub 2}O{sub 9}. • Strong red luminescence by excitation in the region where blue LEDs emit was found.« less
Authors:
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Publication Date:
OSTI Identifier:
22334181
Resource Type:
Journal Article
Resource Relation:
Journal Name: Journal of Solid State Chemistry; Journal Volume: 212; Other Information: Copyright (c) 2014 Elsevier Science B.V., Amsterdam, The Netherlands, All rights reserved.; Country of input: International Atomic Energy Agency (IAEA)
Country of Publication:
United States
Language:
English
Subject:
37 INORGANIC, ORGANIC, PHYSICAL AND ANALYTICAL CHEMISTRY; CALCIUM IONS; DOPED MATERIALS; EUROPIUM IONS; EXCITATION; GADOLINIUM IONS; LUMINESCENCE; ORTHORHOMBIC LATTICES; SPECTRA; SPECTROSCOPY; X-RAY DIFFRACTION