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Title: Non-Hermitian systems of Euclidean Lie algebraic type with real energy spectra

We study several classes of non-Hermitian Hamiltonian systems, which can be expressed in terms of bilinear combinations of Euclidean–Lie algebraic generators. The classes are distinguished by different versions of antilinear (PT)-symmetries exhibiting various types of qualitative behaviour. On the basis of explicitly computed non-perturbative Dyson maps we construct metric operators, isospectral Hermitian counterparts for which we solve the corresponding time-independent Schrödinger equation for specific choices of the coupling constants. In these cases general analytical expressions for the solutions are obtained in the form of Mathieu functions, which we analyze numerically to obtain the corresponding energy spectra. We identify regions in the parameter space for which the corresponding spectra are entirely real and also domains where the PT symmetry is spontaneously broken and sometimes also regained at exceptional points. In some cases it is shown explicitly how the threshold region from real to complex spectra is characterized by the breakdown of the Dyson maps or the metric operator. We establish the explicit relationship to models currently under investigation in the context of beam dynamics in optical lattices. -- Highlights: •Different PT-symmetries lead to qualitatively different systems. •Construction of non-perturbative Dyson maps and isospectral Hermitian counterparts. •Numerical discussion of the eigenvalue spectramore » for one of the E(2)-systems. •Established link to systems studied in the context of optical lattices. •Setup for the E(3)-algebra is provided.« less
Authors:
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Publication Date:
OSTI Identifier:
22314830
Resource Type:
Journal Article
Resource Relation:
Journal Name: Annals of Physics (New York); Journal Volume: 346; Journal Issue: Complete; Other Information: Copyright (c) 2014 Elsevier Science B.V., Amsterdam, The Netherlands, All rights reserved.; Country of input: International Atomic Energy Agency (IAEA)
Country of Publication:
United States
Language:
English
Subject:
71 CLASSICAL AND QUANTUM MECHANICS, GENERAL PHYSICS; ALGEBRA; C INVARIANCE; COUPLING CONSTANTS; EIGENVALUES; ENERGY SPECTRA; EUCLIDEAN SPACE; EXACT SOLUTIONS; HAMILTONIANS; MATHIEU EQUATION; METRICS; SCHROEDINGER EQUATION; SYMMETRY; TIME DEPENDENCE