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Title: T invariance and T-odd asymmetries for the cold-polarized-neutron-induced fission of nonoriented nuclei

It is shown that the coefficients D{sup exp} for all T-odd asymmetries observed experimentally in the cross sections for the reactions of cold-polarized-neutron-induced fission of nonoriented target nuclei (which involves the emission of prescission and evaporated particles) comply in shape and scale with the coefficients D{sup theor} calculated for the analogous asymmetries on the basis of quantum-mechanical nuclear-fission theory for T-invariant Hamiltonians of fissile systems. It is also shown that the asymmetries in question arise upon taking into account the effect of (i) the interference between the fission amplitudes of s- and p-wave resonances of a polarized fissile compound nucleus formed in the aforementioned reactions; (ii) the collective rotation of the compound nucleus in question (this rotation entails a change in the angular distributions of fission fragments and third particles); and (iii) the wriggling vibrations of this compound nucleus in the vicinity of its scission point, which lead to the appearance of high aligned spins of fission fragments, with the result that the emission of neutrons and photons evaporated from these fragments becomes anisotropic. The possible contribution of T-noninvariant interactions to the formation of the T-odd asymmetries under analysis is estimated by using the results obtained in experimentally testing themore » detailed-balance principle, (P-A) theorem, and T invariance of cross sections for elastic proton-proton and proton-neutron scattering.« less
Authors:
 [1] ;  [2] ;  [1]
  1. Voronezh State University (Russian Federation)
  2. National Research Center Kurchatov Institute, Petersburg Nuclear Physics Institute (Russian Federation)
Publication Date:
OSTI Identifier:
22314740
Resource Type:
Journal Article
Resource Relation:
Journal Name: Physics of Atomic Nuclei; Journal Volume: 77; Journal Issue: 12; Other Information: Copyright (c) 2014 Pleiades Publishing, Ltd.; Country of input: International Atomic Energy Agency (IAEA)
Country of Publication:
United States
Language:
English
Subject:
74 ATOMIC AND MOLECULAR PHYSICS; DETAILED BALANCE PRINCIPLE; FISSION; FISSION FRAGMENTS; HAMILTONIANS; NEUTRONS; NUCLEI; P WAVES; POLARIZATION; PROTON-NEUTRON INTERACTIONS; PROTONS; S WAVES