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Title: Theory of two-step two-proton decays of nuclei

A general theory of many-body diagonal and nondiagonal one-proton decays of spherical and deformed nuclei is developed on the basis of an approach not employing R-matrix theory in describing deep-subbarrier alpha and one-proton decays of nuclei but relying on integral formulas for the widths with respect to these decays. With the aid of this theory and by means of a diagram technique, a formalism is developed for describing two-step two-proton decays of a (Z, A) parent nucleus, which proceed as two successive time-separated one-proton decays of the parent and intermediate [(Z − 1, A − 1)] nuclei, these decays being related by the Green’s function for the intermediate nucleus, G(Z − 1, A − 1). It is shown that, upon taking into account, in this Green’s function, intermediate-nucleus states that are on- and off-shell states for the decaying system, there arise, respectively, sequential and virtual two-proton decays of parent nuclei. Expressions for the widths with respect to sequential and virtual two-proton decays from the ground and excited states of spherical and deformed nuclei and for the angular and energy distributions of emitted protons are obtained.
Authors:
;  [1]
  1. Voronezh State University (Russian Federation)
Publication Date:
OSTI Identifier:
22314739
Resource Type:
Journal Article
Resource Relation:
Journal Name: Physics of Atomic Nuclei; Journal Volume: 77; Journal Issue: 12; Other Information: Copyright (c) 2014 Pleiades Publishing, Ltd.; Country of input: International Atomic Energy Agency (IAEA)
Country of Publication:
United States
Language:
English
Subject:
74 ATOMIC AND MOLECULAR PHYSICS; DEFORMED NUCLEI; ENERGY SPECTRA; EXCITED STATES; MANY-BODY PROBLEM; PARTICLE DECAY; PROTONS; R MATRIX