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Title: Trade-off between morphology, extended defects, and compositional fluctuation induced carrier localization in high In-content InGaN films

We elucidate the role of growth parameters (III/N flux ratio, temperature T{sub G}) on the morphological and structural properties, as well as compositional homogeneity and carrier localization effects of high In-content (x(In) > 0.75) In–polar InGaN films grown by plasma–assisted molecular beam epitaxy (PAMBE). Variations in III/N flux ratio evidence that higher excess of In yields higher threading dislocation densities as well as larger compositional inhomogeneity as measured by x-ray diffraction. Most interestingly, by variation of growth temperature T{sub G} we find a significant trade-off between improved morphological quality and compositional homogeneity at low–T{sub G} (∼450–550 °C) versus improved threading dislocation densities at high–T{sub G} (∼600–630 °C), as exemplified for InGaN films with x(In) = 0.9. The enhanced compositional homogeneity mediated by low–T{sub G} growth is confirmed by systematic temperature-dependent photoluminescence (PL) spectroscopy data, such as lower PL peakwidths, >5× higher PL efficiency (less temperature-induced quenching) and a distinctly different temperature-dependent S-shape behavior of the PL peak energy. From these, we find that the carrier localization energy is as low as ∼20 meV for low–T{sub G} grown films (T{sub G} = 550 °C), while it rises to ∼70 meV for high–T{sub G} grown films (T{sub G} = 630 °C) right below the onset of In–N dissociation. These findings point out that for the kineticallymore » limited metal-rich PAMBE growth of high In-content InGaN a III/N flux ratio of ∼1 and low-to-intermediate T{sub G} are required to realize optically more efficient materials.« less
Authors:
; ; ; ; ;  [1]
  1. Walter Schottky Institut and Physik Department, Technische Universität München, Garching 85748 (Germany)
Publication Date:
OSTI Identifier:
22314702
Resource Type:
Journal Article
Resource Relation:
Journal Name: Journal of Applied Physics; Journal Volume: 116; Journal Issue: 5; Other Information: (c) 2014 AIP Publishing LLC; Country of input: International Atomic Energy Agency (IAEA)
Country of Publication:
United States
Language:
English
Subject:
75 CONDENSED MATTER PHYSICS, SUPERCONDUCTIVITY AND SUPERFLUIDITY; DEFECTS; DENSITY; DISLOCATIONS; DISSOCIATION; EFFICIENCY; FILMS; GALLIUM NITRIDES; INDIUM COMPOUNDS; MATERIALS; METALS; MOLECULAR BEAM EPITAXY; MORPHOLOGY; PHOTOLUMINESCENCE; PLASMA; QUENCHING; SPECTROSCOPY; TEMPERATURE DEPENDENCE; X-RAY DIFFRACTION