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Title: Effects of strain on effective work function for Ni/HfO{sub 2} interfaces

The effective work functions for Ni/HfO{sub 2} interfaces under two strain modes (uniaxial and triaxial strains) were studied by using first-principles methods based on density functional theory. The calculated results indicate that the effective work functions are strongly affected by the type of interface and the strain states (tensile and compressive strains). For the both above strain states, the changed value of the effective work functions linearly increases with increasing strain. Moreover, it is observed that for a certain strain, the variation of the effective work function for triaxial strain state is almost larger than that for uniaxial strain state. Finally, the electrons gas model, the interface dipole, and screening role of HfO{sub 2} were used to analyze and explain the strain and interface effects in metal-oxide interfaces. The evident difference between the effective work functions of Ni-Hf and Ni-O interfaces is found to be attributed to different metallic bondings and ionic bondings via the analysis of the charge density distributions. Our work strongly suggests that controlling the strain and interface structure is a promising way for modulating the work function of Ni/HfO{sub 2} interfaces.
Authors:
; ;  [1] ;  [1] ;  [2]
  1. Fujian Provincial Key Laboratory of Quantum Manipulation and New Energy Materials, College of Physics and Energy, Fujian Normal University, Fuzhou 350117 (China)
  2. (China)
Publication Date:
OSTI Identifier:
22314603
Resource Type:
Journal Article
Resource Relation:
Journal Name: Journal of Applied Physics; Journal Volume: 116; Journal Issue: 6; Other Information: (c) 2014 AIP Publishing LLC; Country of input: International Atomic Energy Agency (IAEA)
Country of Publication:
United States
Language:
English
Subject:
75 CONDENSED MATTER PHYSICS, SUPERCONDUCTIVITY AND SUPERFLUIDITY; BONDING; CHARGE DENSITY; DENSITY FUNCTIONAL METHOD; DIPOLES; ELECTRON GAS; HAFNIUM OXIDES; HYDROFLUORIC ACID; INTERFACES; METALS; SOCIO-ECONOMIC FACTORS; STRAINS; WORK FUNCTIONS