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Title: An experimental setup for the simultaneous measurement of thermoelectric power of two samples from 77 K to 500 K

We report on an experimental setup for the simultaneous measurement of the thermoelectric power (TEP) of two samples in the temperature range from 77 K to 500 K using optimum electronic instruments. The setup consists of two rectangular copper bars in a bridge arrangement for sample mounting, two surface mount (SM) chip resistors for creating alternate temperature gradient, and a type E thermocouple in differential geometry for gradient temperature (ΔT) measurement across the samples. In addition, a diode arrangement has been made for the alternate heating of SM resistors using only one DC current source. The measurement accuracy of ΔT increases with the differential thermocouple arrangement. For the calibration of the setup, measurements of TEP on a high purity (99.99%) platinum wire and type K thermocouple wires Chromel and Alumel have been performed from 77 K to 500 K with respect to copper lead wires. Additionally, this setup can be utilized to calibrate an unknown sample against a sample of known absolute TEP.
Authors:
; ;  [1]
  1. Materials Science Division, IUAC, New Delhi 110067 (India)
Publication Date:
OSTI Identifier:
22314434
Resource Type:
Journal Article
Resource Relation:
Journal Name: Review of Scientific Instruments; Journal Volume: 85; Journal Issue: 8; Other Information: (c) 2014 AIP Publishing LLC; Country of input: International Atomic Energy Agency (IAEA)
Country of Publication:
United States
Language:
English
Subject:
37 INORGANIC, ORGANIC, PHYSICAL AND ANALYTICAL CHEMISTRY; 46 INSTRUMENTATION RELATED TO NUCLEAR SCIENCE AND TECHNOLOGY; ALUMEL; CALIBRATION; COPPER; DIFFERENTIAL GEOMETRY; ELECTRIC CURRENTS; HEATING; PLATINUM; RESISTORS; TEMPERATURE GRADIENTS; TEMPERATURE RANGE 0400-1000 K; THERMOCOUPLES; THERMOELECTRIC GENERATORS; WIRES NESDPS Office of Nuclear Energy Space and Defense Power Systems