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Title: Low temperature magnetic phase transition and interlayer coupling in double-wall carbon nanotubes

The magnetic properties of double wall carbon nanotubes (DWCNTs) were investigated using electron spin resonance (ESR) spectroscopy. An asymmetric resonance line of low intensity was identified and analyzed by the superimposition of a narrow and a broad metallic lineshape, attributed to the distinct contributions of defect spins located on the inner and outer DWCNTs shells. The spin susceptibilities of both ESR components revealed a ferromagnetic phase transition at low temperatures (T < 10 K) with small variation in the corresponding Curie-Weiss temperatures, approaching closely that of metallic single wall carbon nanotubes. Interlayer coupling between the DWCNT layers is suggested to effectively reduce the difference between the transition temperatures for the inner and outer shells and enhance spin-spin interactions between defect spins via the RKKY-type interaction of localized spins with conduction electrons.
Authors:
; ; ;  [1]
  1. Department of Solid State Physics, Faculty of Physics, University of Athens, Panepistimioupolis, GR-157 84 Athens (Greece)
Publication Date:
OSTI Identifier:
22314347
Resource Type:
Journal Article
Resource Relation:
Journal Name: Journal of Applied Physics; Journal Volume: 116; Journal Issue: 8; Other Information: (c) 2014 AIP Publishing LLC; Country of input: International Atomic Energy Agency (IAEA)
Country of Publication:
United States
Language:
English
Subject:
75 CONDENSED MATTER PHYSICS, SUPERCONDUCTIVITY AND SUPERFLUIDITY; 71 CLASSICAL AND QUANTUM MECHANICS, GENERAL PHYSICS; CARBON NANOTUBES; ELECTRON SPIN RESONANCE; J-J COUPLING; MAGNETIC PROPERTIES; PHASE TRANSFORMATIONS; SPECTROSCOPY; TEMPERATURE RANGE 0000-0013 K; TRANSITION TEMPERATURE