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Title: Substitution effect on the magnetic and transport properties of CeNi{sub 0.8−x}Mn{sub x}Bi{sub 2}

We report the results of Mn substitution for Ni in CeNi{sub 0.8}Bi{sub 2} (i.e., CeNi{sub 0.8−x}Mn{sub x}Bi{sub 2}). All the samples have an antiferromagnetic ordered state below T{sub N} = 5.0 K due to localized 4f-magnetic moment on the Ce ions. Besides this antiferromagnetic ordering caused by Ce, the magnetic and transport properties are abruptly changed with increasing Mn contents at the boundary composition of x = 0.4. The magnetic state is changed into a ferromagnetic state around 200 K for x > 0.4, where the electrical resistivity is strongly suppressed to become simple metallic. These results of ferromagnetism and metallicity can be explained by the double exchange mechanism, rather than the simple picture of Doniach phase diagram. The mixed valence states of Ni and Mn ions are confirmed by X-ray photoelectron spectroscopy. For x ≤ 0.4, the initial Ni{sup 3+} state gradually changes to the Ni{sup 2+} state with increasing x up to 0.4. On further increase of x > 0.4, the Ni{sup 2+} state is replaced by the Mn{sup 2+} state, which gradually changes to the final Mn{sup 3+} state. We also present an inelastic neutron scattering (INS) measurements on CeNi{sub 0.8}Bi{sub 2} (i.e., x = 0) between 1.2 and 12 K. The high energy INS study reveals the presence of two well-definedmore » crystal electric field (CEF) excitations near 9 meV and 19 meV at 1.2 K and 6 K, while the low energy INS study reveals the presence of quasielastic scattering above 4 K. We will discuss our INS results of CeNi{sub 0.8}Bi{sub 2} based on the CEF model.« less
Authors:
; ;  [1] ;  [2] ;  [3] ; ;  [2]
  1. Department of Physics, Sogang University, Seoul 121-742 (Korea, Republic of)
  2. ISIS Facility, Rutherford Appleton Laboratory, Chilton, Didcot, Oxon OX11 0QX (United Kingdom)
  3. (South Africa)
Publication Date:
OSTI Identifier:
22314300
Resource Type:
Journal Article
Resource Relation:
Journal Name: Journal of Applied Physics; Journal Volume: 116; Journal Issue: 7; Other Information: (c) 2014 AIP Publishing LLC; Country of input: International Atomic Energy Agency (IAEA)
Country of Publication:
United States
Language:
English
Subject:
75 CONDENSED MATTER PHYSICS, SUPERCONDUCTIVITY AND SUPERFLUIDITY; 71 CLASSICAL AND QUANTUM MECHANICS, GENERAL PHYSICS; ANTIFERROMAGNETISM; CERIUM IONS; CRYSTALS; ELECTRIC CONDUCTIVITY; ELECTRIC FIELDS; INELASTIC SCATTERING; MAGNETIC MOMENTS; MANGANESE IONS; METALLICITY; MILLI EV RANGE; NEUTRON DIFFRACTION; NEUTRON REACTIONS; NICKEL IONS; PHASE DIAGRAMS; QUASI-ELASTIC SCATTERING; VALENCE; X-RAY PHOTOELECTRON SPECTROSCOPY