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Title: Enhanced memory effect with embedded graphene nanoplatelets in ZnO charge trapping layer

A charge trapping memory with graphene nanoplatelets embedded in atomic layer deposited ZnO (GNIZ) is demonstrated. The memory shows a large threshold voltage V{sub t} shift (4 V) at low operating voltage (6/−6 V), good retention (>10 yr), and good endurance characteristic (>10{sup 4} cycles). This memory performance is compared to control devices with graphene nanoplatelets (or ZnO) and a thicker tunnel oxide. These structures showed a reduced V{sub t} shift and retention characteristic. The GNIZ structure allows for scaling down the tunnel oxide thickness along with improving the memory window and retention of data. The larger V{sub t} shift indicates that the ZnO adds available trap states and enhances the emission and retention of charges. The charge emission mechanism in the memory structures with graphene nanoplatelets at an electric field E ≥ 5.57 MV/cm is found to be based on Fowler-Nordheim tunneling. The fabrication of this memory device is compatible with current semiconductor processing, therefore, has great potential in low-cost nano-memory applications.
Authors:
;  [1] ;  [2] ;  [3] ;  [4] ;  [2] ;  [4] ;  [4]
  1. Department of Electrical Engineering and Computer Science (EECS), Institute Center for Microsystems–iMicro, Masdar Institute of Science and Technology, Abu Dhabi (United Arab Emirates)
  2. Department of Electrical and Electronics Engineering, Bilkent University, Ankara 06800 (Turkey)
  3. UNAM-National Nanotechnology Research Center, Bilkent University, Ankara 06800 (Turkey)
  4. (Turkey)
Publication Date:
OSTI Identifier:
22311156
Resource Type:
Journal Article
Resource Relation:
Journal Name: Applied Physics Letters; Journal Volume: 105; Journal Issue: 3; Other Information: (c) 2014 AIP Publishing LLC; Country of input: International Atomic Energy Agency (IAEA)
Country of Publication:
United States
Language:
English
Subject:
75 CONDENSED MATTER PHYSICS, SUPERCONDUCTIVITY AND SUPERFLUIDITY; CURRENTS; DEPOSITION; ELECTRIC FIELDS; ELECTRIC POTENTIAL; EMISSION; GRAPHENE; LAYERS; MEMORY DEVICES; NANOSTRUCTURES; SCALING; SEMICONDUCTOR MATERIALS; THICKNESS; TRAPPING; TRAPS; TUNNEL EFFECT; ZINC OXIDES