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Title: Determination of the magnetocaloric entropy change by field sweep using a heat flux setup

We report on a simple setup using a heat flux sensor adapted to a Quantum Design Physical Property Measurement System to determine the magnetocaloric entropy change (ΔS). The major differences for the existing setups are the simplicity of this assembly and the ease to obtain the isothermal entropy change either by a field sweep or a temperature sweep process. We discuss the use of these two processes applied to Gd and Gd{sub 5}Ge{sub 2}Si{sub 2} samples. The results are compared to the temperature sweep measurements and they show the advantages of this setup and of the field sweep procedure. We found a significant reduction of ΔS and on the refrigerating cooling power (RCP) at low field changes in a field sweep process when the sample is not driven to the same initial state for each temperature. We show that the field sweep process without any measuring protocol is the only correct way to experimentally determine ΔS and RCP for a practical regenerative refrigerator.
Authors:
; ; ;  [1]
  1. Universidade Estadual de Campinas, Instituto de Fisica Gleb Wataghin, Campinas, SP 13083-859 (Brazil)
Publication Date:
OSTI Identifier:
22310929
Resource Type:
Journal Article
Resource Relation:
Journal Name: Applied Physics Letters; Journal Volume: 105; Journal Issue: 7; Other Information: (c) 2014 AIP Publishing LLC; Country of input: International Atomic Energy Agency (IAEA)
Country of Publication:
United States
Language:
English
Subject:
75 CONDENSED MATTER PHYSICS, SUPERCONDUCTIVITY AND SUPERFLUIDITY; CALORIMETRY; COOLING; ENTROPY; GADOLINIUM; GADOLINIUM COMPOUNDS; GERMANIUM COMPOUNDS; HEAT FLUX; MAGNETIC PROPERTIES; REDUCTION; SENSORS; SILICON COMPOUNDS