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Title: Back-junction back-contact n-type silicon solar cell with diffused boron emitter locally blocked by implanted phosphorus

The highest energy conversion efficiencies in the field of silicon-based photovoltaics have been achieved with back-junction back-contact (BJBC) silicon solar cells by several companies and research groups. One of the most complex parts of this cell structure is the fabrication of the locally doped p- and n-type regions, both on the back side of the solar cell. In this work, we introduce a process sequence based on a synergistic use of ion implantation and furnace diffusion. This sequence enables the formation of all doped regions for a BJBC silicon solar cell in only three processing steps. We observed that implanted phosphorus can block the diffusion of boron atoms into the silicon substrate by nearly three orders of magnitude. Thus, locally implanted phosphorus can be used as an in-situ mask for a subsequent boron diffusion which simultaneously anneals the implanted phosphorus and forms the boron emitter. BJBC silicon solar cells produced with such an easy-to-fabricate process achieved conversion efficiencies of up to 21.7%. An open-circuit voltage of 674 mV and a fill factor of 80.6% prove that there is no significant recombination at the sharp transition between the highly doped emitter and the highly doped back surface field at the device level.
Authors:
; ; ; ;  [1]
  1. Fraunhofer Institute for Solar Energy Systems, Heidenhofstrasse 2, Freiburg D-79110 (Germany)
Publication Date:
OSTI Identifier:
22310853
Resource Type:
Journal Article
Resource Relation:
Journal Name: Applied Physics Letters; Journal Volume: 105; Journal Issue: 10; Other Information: (c) 2014 AIP Publishing LLC; Country of input: International Atomic Energy Agency (IAEA)
Country of Publication:
United States
Language:
English
Subject:
75 CONDENSED MATTER PHYSICS, SUPERCONDUCTIVITY AND SUPERFLUIDITY; ATOMS; BORON ADDITIONS; CONNECTORS; DIFFUSION; DOPED MATERIALS; EFFICIENCY; ELECTRIC CONTACTS; ELECTRIC POTENTIAL; ENERGY CONVERSION; FILL FACTORS; ION IMPLANTATION; PHOSPHORUS ADDITIONS; PHOTOVOLTAIC EFFECT; RECOMBINATION; SEMICONDUCTOR JUNCTIONS; SILICON; SILICON SOLAR CELLS; SUBSTRATES; SURFACES