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Title: Successes and failures of Hubbard-corrected density functional theory: The case of Mg doped LiCoO{sub 2}

We have evaluated the successes and failures of the Hubbard-corrected density functional theory approach to study Mg doping of LiCoO{sub 2}. We computed the effect of the U parameter on the energetic, geometric, and electronic properties of two possible doping mechanisms: (1) substitution of Mg onto a Co (or Li) site with an associated impurity state and (2) formation of impurity-state-free complexes of substitutional Mg and point defects in LiCoO{sub 2}. We find that formation of impurity states results in changes on the valency of Co in LiCoO{sub 2}. Variation of the Co U shifts the energy of the impurity state, resulting in energetic, geometric, and electronic properties that depend significantly on the specific value of U. In contrast, the properties of the impurity-state-free complexes are insensitive to U. These results identify reasons for the strong dependence on the doping properties on the chosen value of U and for the overall difficulty of achieving agreement with the experimentally known energetic and electronic properties of doped transition metal oxides such as LiCoO{sub 2}.
Authors:
; ;  [1] ;  [2] ;  [3]
  1. Materials Science and Technology Division, Oak Ridge National Laboratory, Oak Ridge, Tennessee 37831 (United States)
  2. Center for Nanophase Materials Sciences, Oak Ridge National Laboratory, Oak Ridge, Tennessee 37831 (United States)
  3. (United States)
Publication Date:
OSTI Identifier:
22310766
Resource Type:
Journal Article
Resource Relation:
Journal Name: Journal of Chemical Physics; Journal Volume: 141; Journal Issue: 16; Other Information: (c) 2014 AIP Publishing LLC; Country of input: International Atomic Energy Agency (IAEA)
Country of Publication:
United States
Language:
English
Subject:
37 INORGANIC, ORGANIC, PHYSICAL AND ANALYTICAL CHEMISTRY; COBALT OXIDES; DENSITY FUNCTIONAL METHOD; DOPED MATERIALS; IMPURITIES; LITHIUM OXIDES; MAGNESIUM; POINT DEFECTS