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Title: Communication: Dominance of extreme statistics in a prototype many-body Brownian ratchet

Many forms of cell motility rely on Brownian ratchet mechanisms that involve multiple stochastic processes. We present a computational and theoretical study of the nonequilibrium statistical dynamics of such a many-body ratchet, in the specific form of a growing polymer gel that pushes a diffusing obstacle. We find that oft-neglected correlations among constituent filaments impact steady-state kinetics and significantly deplete the gel's density within molecular distances of its leading edge. These behaviors are captured quantitatively by a self-consistent theory for extreme fluctuations in filaments' spatial distribution.
Authors:
 [1] ;  [1] ;  [2]
  1. Lawrence Berkeley National Laboratory, Berkeley, California 94720 (United States)
  2. (United States)
Publication Date:
OSTI Identifier:
22310719
Resource Type:
Journal Article
Resource Relation:
Journal Name: Journal of Chemical Physics; Journal Volume: 141; Journal Issue: 16; Other Information: (c) 2014 AIP Publishing LLC; Country of input: International Atomic Energy Agency (IAEA)
Country of Publication:
United States
Language:
English
Subject:
37 INORGANIC, ORGANIC, PHYSICAL AND ANALYTICAL CHEMISTRY; GELS; KINETICS; POLYMERS; SPATIAL DISTRIBUTION; STOCHASTIC PROCESSES