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Title: Spatial structure of a collisionally inhomogeneous Bose-Einstein condensate

The spatial structure of a collisionally inhomogeneous Bose-Einstein condensate (BEC) in an optical lattice is studied. A spatially dependent current with an explicit analytic expression is found in the case with a spatially dependent BEC phase. The oscillating amplitude of the current can be adjusted by a Feshbach resonance, and the intensity of the current depends heavily on the initial and boundary conditions. Increasing the oscillating amplitude of the current can force the system to pass from a single-periodic spatial structure into a very complex state. But in the case with a constant phase, the spatially dependent current disappears and the Melnikov chaotic criterion is obtained via a perturbative analysis in the presence of a weak optical lattice potential. Numerical simulations show that a strong optical lattice potential can lead BEC atoms to a state with a chaotic spatial distribution via a quasiperiodic route.
Authors:
 [1] ; ; ;  [2]
  1. Hunan First Normal University, Department of Education Science (China)
  2. Hunan University of Science and Technology, Department of Physics (China)
Publication Date:
OSTI Identifier:
22309130
Resource Type:
Journal Article
Resource Relation:
Journal Name: Journal of Experimental and Theoretical Physics; Journal Volume: 117; Journal Issue: 5; Other Information: Copyright (c) 2013 Pleiades Publishing, Inc.; http://www.springer-ny.com; Country of input: International Atomic Energy Agency (IAEA)
Country of Publication:
United States
Language:
English
Subject:
71 CLASSICAL AND QUANTUM MECHANICS, GENERAL PHYSICS; BOSE-EINSTEIN CONDENSATION; BOUNDARY CONDITIONS; CHAOS THEORY; COMPUTERIZED SIMULATION; LASERS; SPATIAL DISTRIBUTION; TRAPPING